Here is finally the return and its lot of novelties. The Ministry of Education has announced some measures for students and teachers, but faces a scourge of teacher unions.
The Minister of National Education had to contend with controversy over the corrections of copies of the baccalaureate before the holidays, it will contain the discontent of some teachers for the back to school. First, because most teacher unions continue to oppose the reform of high school and baccalaureate. But that's not all. Trade unions are worried about the way forward for pension reform that may not be beneficial for the teaching profession.
In addition, many teachers are wondering about the increase promised by the government. Jean-Michel Blanquer announced Thursday an average increase of 300 years per teacher over the year. A sum that some consider very inadequate, especially as compared to inflation, the 25 euros per month per teacher look like a shave. "Compared to the fact that in the public service, the value of the index point was frozen until 2015 and then again from 2018, it is not really a revaluation. come back and it must seem to give a little balm.It must heal the wounds of spring and summer.But this is not what will be likely to reassure colleagues, "reacted Frédérique Rolet, Secretary General of SNES-FSU, at the microphone of France Inter, Thursday.
If we are still unaware of the extent of the rumbling in the faculty, what is certain is that the start is for all students in elementary and secondary school this monday september 2nd. It should be noted that the teachers resumed for their part Friday, August 30th. Attention also, the date of re-entry is very different for the students who enter the university and the other higher institutions: the persons concerned must inquire with their structure, which fixes itself the date of the beginning of the courses and the calendar of the year. In general, the academic year begins between mid-September and mid-October in the higher.
Summer holidays are coming to an end, but holidays are coming back quickly with no less than two weeks off for All Saints' Day. To discover the complete calendar of the year and to know precisely the dates of student leave zone by zone, visit our special page devoted to school holidays.
The Minister of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer, took stock of the new elements of the back to school 2019, at a press conference on August 27. In particular, he set out two priorities: teaching in primary school and improving the working conditions of teachers. "This starts with the systematic response of the institution to any attack on their authority.Then, by career support through a local human resources management that is being deployed in all territories", did he declare.
2019-2022 strengthened priority for primary school
Compulsory instruction at 3 years
Transmission of fundamental knowledge
Creation of 2300 teaching positions
CP and CE1 split in Rep and Rep +
24 students maximum per class by 2022# rentree2019 pic.twitter.com/QO42Wr4q02
– National Education (@EducationFrance) August 27, 2019
Jean-Michel Blanquer also said that a new device was coming into effect to better support teachers who face difficult situations of violence. "Disruptive students" who have been excluded several times may be integrated into "boarding schools" or "relay classes". The National Education also implemented for September 2019 "accountability contracts" for parents.
Finally, in order to develop the ecological awareness of children or promote the commitment of those already sensitive to environmental issues, the Minister of Education has announced the creation of a new function: all classes in France will have an "eco-delegate" who "will help ensure that there are actions for the environment".
Last June, parliamentarians finally adopted the law "For a school of trust" last July. Here are the main measures of this text effective for this new school year:
- Compulsory instruction from 3 years he is now 6 years old. The lowering of the compulsory age of education comes into force as of the next school year and concerns 26,000 children who do not attend school today.
- Compulsory training from 16 to 18 years : young dropouts from the school system will be offered training or apprenticeship in a systematic way, starting in 2020.
- Presence of French and European flags All classrooms in schools, colleges and high schools must be equipped with French and European flags, as well as the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" and the words of the national anthem.
- Right to schooling without harassment: the principle has been enshrined in the law. "No student shall be harassed by other students for the purpose or the effect of a deterioration of his or her learning conditions that may affect his rights and dignity or impair his health. physical or mental, "reads article 5.
- Duty of "exemplary teachers" The principle is written in the text, which in turn provides for the "respect" of students and their families towards them and the school institution.
Moreover, the reform of the bac – the new diploma is for 2021 – has repercussions this year in high school. The students who enter first are the first concerned by the new baccalaureate: they will no longer have to opt for a L, S or ES if they leave in the general way at the end of the second (ie at the end of the school year). 2018-2019). Students entering the final year this year will pass the same tray as their elders.
► Check out what's new in the bac and high school reform
The Trade Union Confederation of Families (CSF) has conducted a survey on the budget allocated per household this year 2019. If a slight increase of 0.17% of the overall cost is expected, all sections combined, the college level is the most heavily impacted. The parents of children who return in the 4th will have to spend about 7% more at the beginning of the school year, and for the children who return in 6th, nearly 5.58% more (ie 361 euros on average). The CSF justifies this increase by investing parents in the sports equipment of their children. "Brands, always brands.It is not uncommon for children or adolescents to claim the latest sports jersey or equipment in fashion," says the confederation in his investigation. On the other hand, the cost of schooling will be revised downward this year for kindergartens and high schools (by nearly 4% in particular in CP and in second).
On the university side, UNEF (National Union of French Students) and FAGE (Federation of General Student Associations) deplore an increase in the cost of re-entry. The report of the UNEF published last Friday indicates a 2.83% increase in the student budget this year 2019, mainly due to the cost of housing (an increase of 2.97% on average and 5% in Paris). According to the FAGE, a 20-year-old undergraduate student at the university will have to spend around € 2,285 this year …
To school a child, how much does it cost the National Education?
In France, the cost of education amounts each year to nearly 6.8% of GDP (144.8 billion euros for the year 2013-2014 according to the Ministry of Education). 73.9% of these expenses are divided into "salaries, charges and pensions" for the staff. The average annual expenditure for schooling per student in college is about 8,000 euros, in high school the cost exceeds 11,000 euros per year. For the first degree – maternal and elementary – the state spends 6,200 euros per child over one year. For details on schooling costs, national education budgets by region and type of school, consult the latest file prepared by the Ministry of Education.
The cost of back to school 2019 seems exorbitant? But have you thought about the back to school allowance (ARS)? This income bonus is paid, subject to means, to families with children aged 6 to 18 attending school in a public, private or remote institution such as Cned. Resource ceilings are imposed. As an indication, the revenues for the year 2017 are taken into account for the start of the school year 2019-2020. Here are the resource caps for the re-entry bonus:
- A dependent child : 24,697 euros
- Two dependent children : 30,396 euros
- Three dependent children : 36,095 euros
- Per additional dependent child : 5,699 euros
► All about the back to school allowance (ARS) et its amount according to the age of the child
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