After two years of declining student numbers: The number of new students has risen especially in the fields of management and business and in the fields of mathematics, statistics and computer science
Statistics published by the Central Bureau of Statistics show that after two years of decline in the number of undergraduate students in general and in the number of new students in particular, the year 2019-2018 was a year when there was an increase in the number of students. The increase in the number of new students was in both academic and university colleges, but not in the academic colleges that continued to decline in the number of students attending.
In the academic year 2018-2019, there were about sixty institutions of higher education in which they studied for a degree or academic diploma about 315,000 students. The data shows that there has been an increase in the number of new students in almost all fields of study, but in particular there has been a more significant increase in the fields of business and management studies, as well as studies of mathematics, statistics and computer science. As mentioned, the downward trend continued in education and in the physical sciences.
International comparisons show that when comparing Israel with the OECD group of countries, it is evident that in 2017-2013 there was a one percent decrease in the number of undergraduate students in Israel, compared with an increase of 5.3% in the average OECD countries. However, comparing the number of students in information technology and communication professions Information Communication and Technology has seen a 75% increase in these years in Israel. Of all those graduating with a bachelor's degree in 2017, Israel was ranked fifth in the OECD. The proportion of students studying humanities in Israel is lower than the average of the OECD countries (9.4% versus 12.5%, respectively).
After two years of declining numbers, the number of new undergraduates increased by 3.4 percent (1,750 students) over the previous school year. The degree of strengthening is more significantly evident in non-budgeted academic colleges – an increase of 13.8%, while in universities, there was an increase of 2.4% and in budgeted academic colleges an increase of 2.1%. The decline in education in terms of the number of new students is down by 4.5%.
Compared to the previous year, the number of undergraduates increased by 0.3%, especially in budgeted academic colleges (2.6%). In contrast, the number of colleges of education and universities has decreased (2.3% and 0.8%, respectively). The number of postgraduate students increased by 1.1%, especially in the academic colleges of education (2.0%) and the academic colleges (4.3% in total and 10.6% in the budgeted colleges). On the other hand, the number of universities dropped by 0.4%.
In a general examination, it was evident that in universities, the number of general students decreased by 0.3%. In the first and second degrees, the number dropped by 0.8% and by 0.4%, respectively, while the number of third-year students increased by 3.6%. The main decrease was in the number of undergraduate students, mainly in medicine (5.6%) and in law (7.2%), compared with increases in the number of students especially in the medical auxiliary subjects (4.3%) as well as mathematics, statistics and computer science (7.8%).
In the 1990s, approximately 59% of new undergraduate students studied social sciences or the humanities, approximately 70% of all graduate students studied social sciences or humanities (38.5% and 31.1%, respectively), and postgraduate students studied mainly biological sciences. And agriculture (26.1%) and humanities (25.0%).
Women were the majority (59.5%) of all degrees. The percentage of women among Arabs was particularly high (68.9%) – twice the percentage of men, meaning that for every Arab student there were two Arab students.
In the last school year, 24% of undergraduate students were from localities with high socio-economic clusters (clusters 10-8). Among graduate students, their proportion was 30.5%, and in the third degree, 35.8%. The proportion of students from localities in low socio-economic clusters (clusters 3-1) was 24.3% in the first degree, 20.2% in the second degree and 14.5% in the third degree.
Integration of the Arab and Haredi Sector Population
The data show that the number of students in the Arab sector has risen, and that in the past decade the percentage of Arab students has increased significantly in all degrees: from undergraduate – from 13.1% to 18.1%, in graduate school – from 7.4% to 14.6% and from third degree -5.2% to 7.0%, respectively.
In the year 1990, 12,000 thousand ultra-Orthodox ultra-Orthodox students studied in higher education institutions. These mainly studied subjects in the field of education and training for teaching (33.6%), and less than a third (30.2%) of the ultra-Orthodox students were men.