What is certain is that the final calculation of the savings, 45 euros per year on the electricity bill, for the typical family, that is, the one that consumes the minimum union or 2,700 kw per year, is however discouraging. But why do you save so little even if the contraction in energy prices is equal to minus 18% for electricity and minus 13% for gas?
The reason is soon to be said. The electricity or gas component consumed on the bills weighs very little. That is, 35.51% of electricity expenditure and only 31.79% for gas. The rest are taxes (VAT), system charges and expenses for transportation and management of the meter, the only item that makes sense because the network must obviously be maintained. Going into the details of the items, specified by the same Authority, it can be seen that on electricity bills 40.17% of the expenditure is concentrated between VAT (10%) and system charges which are contributions, which raise around 12-13 billion euros annual that are paid for the most part in support of renewable energy plants and energy-intensive companies, such as the railways to be clear. While the wind or solar plants that still receive these contributions, which are no longer present for newly built ones, are mostly obsolete plants.
Worse still for gas where excise duties, regional taxes and VAT (which moreover is 10% on a small share and 22% on the rest and on all charges) weigh on 42% of bills. In short, gas is a fat cow to be milked for the government a bit like gasoline, the pump price of which is 64% made up of various taxes and taxes. And there is another hoax for users. Because excise duties increase with the growth in consumption or energy consumed. And therefore the more you consume, the more you are taxed. Being always at home, it is obvious that we consume more.
In a time of serious emergency, a tax relief from these taxes could be a winning move by the government. Not gasoline (where there are still excise taxes that even benefit the war in Ethiopia) because no one goes around, but at least electricity and gas as consumption has certainly increased and also increases the taxes paid proportionally.
While waiting for the miracle, users could try to save money by looking for the best offers. In fact, those who signed contracts on the free market with a price for energy or gas set for a year, and therefore are not entitled to the discounts promised by this particular situation, could still take advantage of the moment. «It could be interesting, explained Silvia Rossi, energy manager of Facile.it, the tariff comparator available online – to evaluate the change of operator or, for those who were still in the protected market, switch to the free one. The operators, in order to adapt to the protected market, are in fact proposing competitive rates with respect to the protected market. Moreover, the change of operator is an operation that can be done directly and entirely from home, by phone or online, in a simple way. It is good to remember that it is possible to change operators free of charge and that the supply of electricity and gas continues regularly without interruption of the service and with the same quality ».