Dimona: Evidence of the modern man’s path of departure from Africa has been discovered

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During excavations leading up to the construction of a solar field in Dimona, a site from the Stone Age was discovered, in which humans chiseled tools with special technology. The flint stones found at the site shed light on the migration routes of modern man from Africa to the rest of the world, about 100,000 years ago

Evidence of the departure of modern man from Africa in Dimona (Photo: Emil Aljem, Israel Antiquities Authority)
Archaeological excavations conducted recently by the Israel Antiquities Authority together with youths near Dimona, prior to the construction of a solar field and funded by the Israel Electric Corporation, revealed a site of the Middle Paleolithic period (a prehistoric period that existed between 250,000 and 50,000 years BC).

The site unearthed in Dimona was a small site, to which humans apparently arrived, following an abundance of natural flint, from which they chose to carve their tools. The uniqueness of the site is found in the flint chipping technology found in it, known as ‘Lebloa Novi’. This technology, originated in Africa, and research traces it to understand the migration routes of modern man from Africa to the rest of the world, about 100,000 years ago.

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The flint tools unearthed at the site in Dimona (Photo: Emil Aljem, Israel Antiquities Authority)
Aerial photograph of an excavation by the Israel Antiquities Authority near Dimona (Photo: Emil Aljem, Israel Antiquities Authority)

First evidence of the “novice” flint industry in the country

According to the directors of the excavation, prehistoric Talia Abulfiya and Mia Oron of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “this is the first evidence of the flint industry known as” Nubit “in an archeological excavation in Israel. 150-100 thousand years and emigrated from there to around the world.

“In the last decade, quite a few Nubian sites have been discovered in the Arabian Peninsula. This fact has led many researchers to claim that modern man’s exodus from Africa took place through the Arabian Peninsula. The migration route: from Africa to Saudi Arabia, and from there, perhaps, to the Negev. “

Mia Oron, director of the excavation on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, at the excavation site (Photo: Emil Aljem, Israel Antiquities Authority)
Teenagers participated in the excavation as summer work and were exposed to the local heritage (Photo: Emil Aljem, Israel Antiquities Authority)

The youth from Dimona took advantage of the summer vacation to work digging

Those who helped uncover the special site from the Stone Age were teenagers from the city, who came to work in the excavation as a summer job during the challenging period of the Corona. According to Svetlana Talis, an archaeologist from the Northern Negev District of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “Dimona is one of the most severely affected localities in the second phase of the Corona, and was on the verge of closure. “Especially in the framework of the settlement project promoted by the Israel Antiquities Authority in recent years, which seeks to bring the youth closer to the heritage that belongs to them.”

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