“Did you graduate? Are you transparent – employers don’t even answer you”


“It’s about like being at sea, in mid-August and suddenly the sky turns black all at once, it starts to get cold and stormy, the beach becomes empty and you do not understand what is happening and where it comes from. Very quickly it turns out that in one unexpected moment a new world is created. The unemployed and self-employed are tremendous and unprecedented, a large part of the applicants already have a degree and experience, every job has endless candidates and an endless amount of resumes, employers do not come back to you, you are transparent, and every employer thinks that in the next interview he will get more candidates Well, there is nothing to talk about conditions, about wages, you have to say thank you for having a job. “This is how Uri Carmeli, who graduated this year with a bachelor’s degree in economics and business administration from the University of Haifa, describes entering the labor market in an unprecedented economic crisis.

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Almost half (47.6%) of the workers registered with the employment bureaus during the months of the Corona crisis were young people up to the age of 34, according to the Employment Service, while their share of the labor market is 38%. According to the National Insurance Institute, the number of young unemployed up to the age of 27 in March to May was entitled to unemployment benefits was 202.8 thousand – one-fifth of all new unemployment benefit recipients in the three months of the crisis, according to the Corona Crisis Department’s unemployment survey. The Knesset announced in late July. Many students who were employed in jobs such as tourism or sales waitresses, industries that were damaged during the crisis, have lost their jobs and some have difficulty financing their studies following the crisis. They enter the labor market at a disadvantage, with difficulty gaining employment experience appropriate to their skills and they compete for jobs in front of the million unemployed and self-employed who have lost their source of livelihood.

The economic crisis that hit the world following the outbreak of the corona virus was more acute than in the US in 2008, when many young people were injured and surveys found that 40% of them even believe that the crisis changed their career path and hampered their professional development. Regarding previous crises, they showed that for every one percent increase in unemployment, there is a 7% decrease in the wages of young people entering the world of employment and a 2% increase after 20 years, according to a report by Deloitte and the Gandir Foundation on the situation of young people.

Uri Carmeli, undergraduate student in economics and engineering at the University of Haifa

Despite the data and the decline in employment opportunities Carmeli believes Corona will not have a dramatic impact on him as a freshman. “The corona will probably pass in one way or another. The world will return to its former state and with it the supply of jobs. Only it now takes a little longer and needs to be compromised,” he says.

Orit Shalom Beg Orit Shalom Beg Photo: Inbal Marmari

The employment prospects of candidates at the beginning of their professional careers will be harmed, but this is not a matter of fate, says Orit Shalom-Beg, VP of Marketing and Trade in the semi-free chain. It will not be simple and will require dealing with difficulty in the first steps in the world of work. But, there are opportunities that can be leveraged: social initiatives, business collaborations, various internships and advanced training and one has to open one’s head to different workplaces. “Everything the business student will learn during this extreme period will serve them well as future managers.” She says the corona period provides an educational opportunity to examine the market in a state of uncertainty. .

A new reality that shakes us in different directions

One of the industries that suffered the most severe damage during the crisis is tourism and its future is still unclear. “Last semester we came to discover that we are facing a new reality, which is constantly shaking us in different directions. In the tourism and hotel industry, uncertainty even creates a feeling of helplessness. This reality certainly raises concerns about my future employment in the field. “It is certain that after the epidemic and in the years to come, I will find myself in the labor market. The tourism market was constantly growing before the epidemic, and I am sure we will be able to enjoy its fruits later and new forms of tourism that follow the crisis,” says Amit Shmilowitz, a student at Kinneret Academic College And hotels.

Amit Shmilovich, a student of tourism and hotels at Kinneret Academic College Amit Shmilovitz, student of tourism and hospitality at Kinneret Academic College

During his studies he worked for an international tourism company as a digital marketing manager, but lost his job with the onset of the crisis. “For six months I looked for other alternatives until I found a job as a hotel employee in the college area. It’s hard, after getting used to working and supporting yourself to being dependent on the help and support of parents, who fortunately could help during this difficult time,” he says.

Chen Michaeli Chen Michaeli Photo: Sivan Poppy

Chen Michaeli, VP of Human Resources at Dan Hotels, says that while the industry was the first to absorb the blow with the outbreak of the Corona crisis, and that the sharp decline in occupancy forced hotels to lay off workers and take efficiency measures that made the hospitality challenge much more complex, there is room for young workers. The hotel industry is desperate for young “hoteliers”, who are willing to invest their first years in the labor market in acquiring a fascinating and multinational profession, which allows accelerated promotion, for those infected with the “hospitality virus”, and allows him promotion to a managerial level within a few years. senior.

The picture of the situation in our industry, expresses a golden opportunity for those of the young people who will choose it ‘the day after’, when inbound and business tourism will return to the pre-crisis days. “I expect that we will not receive too long notice of this for orderly preparation, and it will require a significant increase in manpower almost ‘from today to tomorrow,'” he says.

“Fears that distance learning will affect the knowledge I acquire in the degree”

The damage to the high-tech industry relative to other industries in the economy was small, among other things, due to the ability to continue working remotely, and yet, software people were fired or expelled and the market is flooded with job seekers competing for fewer jobs. Sam Segal, a software engineering student at Kinneret A recipient will help him and he will be able to find a job in the industry.However, his concern is that distance learning will affect the knowledge he acquires in the degree. “I was directly affected by the virus. Learning has become more challenging for me. For some students distance learning is a blessing and for others, like me, it is difficult. “Undoubtedly, the understanding of the material studied compared to the previous semester decreased and this is reflected in the grades,” he says. Following the distance learning, the faculty moved to live in his parents’ house and the apartment he rented in the dormitory remained empty.

Sam Segal, a software engineering student at Kinneret Academic College Sam Segal, a software engineering student at Kinneret Academic College

Nir Alfandari, Microsoft Nir Alfandari, Microsoft Photo: Rami Zranger

Requirements for young engineers in the labor market have changed, says Nir Alfandri, VP of Cloud at Microsoft Israel. In line with new needs and consumer behavior that conforms to the spirit of the time, immediate needs have also been created for organizations such as cost reduction, accelerating the transition to digital channels, software development and accessibility of remote enterprise systems and of course an internal organizational collaboration model. All of this creates a different and diverse work profile compared to what we knew before the crisis broke out. ”

However, Alfandari believes that the crisis creates a great deal of opportunities for new entrants to the labor market. “Young engineers as candidates for a first job must come with additional relevant professional knowledge, most of which exists and is available to everyone today. It is also recommended to keep up to date and create new connections in the industry using tools designed for this, such as LinkedIn. It is important to lay the foundations for constant learning and mental flexibility. And keep them relevant in the changing employment market. ”

“I found myself without a source of income. I went back to my parents’ house”

Upon graduating from the Department of Architecture at Bezalel, Sharon Harris began building a portfolio. “This is a process that is taking shape and it will take me a while to be complete with it and feel comfortable presenting it to offices. At the same time I started looking for architects ‘offices in my hometown. I heard from friends working in offices that the architects’ market was not affected by the corona.” And there will be no recruitment of new employees. ” At the beginning of the crisis, she worked at a security center and was considered a vital worker, but the number of shifts dropped from 12 a month to 4-5 a month following government directives. “For me, the corona mainly disrupted the plans for a final project. Under normal circumstances we would physically study the area, meet with professionals and residents and prepare models but instead, the screen became our only means of communication and doing,” she says.

Sharon Harris, is completing a degree in architecture at Bezalel Sharon Harris, is graduating with a degree in architecture from Bezalel Photo: Gabi Nicola

Yigal Chudner, Founder and CEO"To construction routes Yigal Chudner, founder and CEO of Netivei Hakma Photo: Yifrach Baba Zehavit

“Yigal Chudner, CEO and founder of Netivei Hakma, which specializes in licensing procedures in statutory law, believes that in times of crisis there are more opportunities. With architectural education, he says, many areas can be reached – planning offices, construction companies, entrepreneurial companies, retail, government ministries and authorities.” I remember myself after school debating what to study and what I could work on afterwards. Even today, after more than 30 years, I think about what I will do in the coming years. The main thing is to do only what you like and that is interesting, to work with caring people who take care of your professional enrichment where the organizational culture matches your values. ”

Gali Nodelman, students of jewelry and fashion at Bezalel Gali Noodleman, students of jewelry and fashion at Bezalel

Gali Nodelman, who is graduating with a degree in jewelry and fashion from Bezalel, an academy for design and art, Jerusalem found herself during the crisis without a source of income. “First year I work at a club in Haifa as a host every weekend. In fact I would return to my parents to work because I did not have time to work throughout the week. When the corona started and the club closed I found myself with no source of income at all and decided to return to my parents’ house. “Through the zoom. This is no small challenge for those who study design, work with their hands and need the equipment at Bezalel,” she says. In preparation for entering the labor market, she is afraid but believes that she can succeed. “I bring my uniqueness and ‘color’ to the fashion world. It’s just a matter of opportunity.”

Dana Eini Dana Eini Photo: Dima

In the days of routine the fashion world is challenging, and in times of crisis it also changes rapidly. “This is a fun field with a lot of ‘color’ and on the other hand intense and competitive. The corona crisis has led the economy to not simple economic challenges accompanied by uncertainty regarding work in general and recruitment in particular. The crisis has strengthened digital consumerism and made it the center of the market,” says Dana Eini. Fashion on the Terminal X website.

“In fact, the industry is not changing but is slowly becoming online and for that they will need the most talented and creative people. You have to dare and express your talents while understanding the needs of the consumer.”


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