The employment of Arab men (ages 25-64) decreased from 75% in the last quarter of 2019 to 70.4% in the second quarter of 2020. It should be noted that by the second quarter of 2010, Arab men had already reached an employment rate of 77.3%. Employment of Arab women (25-64) stood at 38.2% in the second and fourth quarters of 2019 but fell to 36.6% in the second quarter of 2020.
Much of the harm to the Arab sector was recorded among a group examined separately, young people aged 20-24. Among young men, there was a decrease from 55.3% in the last quarter of 2019 (and 63% in the second quarter last year) to only 51.2% in the second quarter of 2020. Among Arab young women, there was a decrease from 26.3% in the last quarter of 2019 and 32.5% in the quarter The second last year to only 25.4% in the second quarter of this year. That is, within about a year there was a decline of about a quarter. However, the data show that a significant part of the decline in employment began last year and the corona crisis only exacerbated it.
The issue also includes data on the ultra-Orthodox. According to the National Economic Council, ultra-Orthodox women fell from 79.3% in the fourth quarter last year to 76.3% in the second quarter of 2020. According to the self-definition method, they fell from 79.1% to 77%.
For ultra-Orthodox men, there are constant fluctuations in data that make it difficult to follow up on a quarterly basis. They decreased according to the National Council for Calculus method from 55.1% in the fourth quarter of 2019 to 53.1% in the second quarter of the year. But in the first quarter the decline was steeper to 50.8%. The same is true of the self-definition method. Ultra-Orthodox men fell from 55.8% in the fourth quarter last year to 53.4% in the second quarter of 2020, but in the first quarter their employment rate was only 51.6%.