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A preliminary investigation was opened Friday for "crimes against humanity" against Aloys Ntiwiragabo, head of military intelligence during the Rwandan genocide of 1994, who is believed to be living in France today, the National Anti-Terrorism Prosecutor's Office told AFP on Saturday. </p><div> <p>Aloys Ntiwiragabo, head of military intelligence during the Rwandan genocide of 1994, has been under a preliminary investigation since Friday for "crimes against humanity", the national anti-terrorism prosecution said on Saturday (July 25th).
The investigation was opened following an article in Mediapart claiming to have found the former senior Rwandan official in France, near Orléans. The investigative media specified that Aloys Ntiwiragabo “also founded an armed criminal group, the Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda, which ravaged Central Africa”.
According to a judicial source, Aloys Ntiwiragabo was not the subject of any complaint in France and was wanted neither by Interpol, nor by French or Rwandan justice. In the past, he has been the subject of arrest warrants from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) which have been lifted for several years, it was added.
The “crimes against humanity” pole of the Paris court had sought to hear him as a witness in 2012 in an investigation and had requested the Rwandan authorities. The latter, according to the judicial source, replied that Aloys Ntiwiragabo was a refugee in an African country.
Two indictments in which Aloys Ntiwiragabo is mentioned
In indictments dating from 1998, targeting people suspected of being among those responsible for the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, prosecutors from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) mentioned this official.
According to the UN, the genocide killed at least 800,000 people in three months in Rwanda.
Aloys Ntiwiragabo is mentioned as being part of a group of eleven officials who, “from the end of 1990 until July 1994 (…) agreed among themselves and with others to develop a plan with the intention of to exterminate the civilian Tutsi population and to eliminate members of the opposition and thus maintain power “.
In another 2002 act targeting four of these eleven people, Aloys Ntiwiragabo is described as having “updated” “lists of people identified as the enemy” – the Tutsis – and “his accomplices” – members of the opposition – in order to “execute” them.
Arrest of the “financier” of the Rwandan genocide near Paris in May
Following the opening of this investigation, the French justice could want to hear this man who would live near Orleans, according to Mediapart.
On May 16, the arrest after a 25-year stalemate of the “financier” of the Rwandan genocide, Félicien Kabuga, near Paris, had shed some light on the ancient presence and late pursuit of alleged genocides in France, which remained until ‘at the end the ally of Rwanda’s last Hutu regime.
The Paris Court of Appeal issued a favorable opinion in early June for his surrender to international justice, but Félicien Kabuga appealed to the Supreme Court. The hearing during which this case will be examined is scheduled for September 2.
The same Paris Court of Appeal also confirmed, in early July, the dismissal of the investigation into the attack that triggered the genocide of 1994, a case that has poisoned Franco-Rwandan diplomatic relations for more than 20 years. Lawyers for the families of the victims have announced a cassation appeal.