Holy See to USA and Israel: “No to unilateral actions that would risk undermining peace”


Padded ways, as is used in the diplomatic field. Clear the said and reiterated concepts. The Holy See has again intervened at a very high level in Middle Eastern affairs. On June 30th, the Vatican Press Office yesterday announced in a statement, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Vatican secretary of state, met with the ambassadors of the United States of America and the state of Israel “to express the concern of the Holy See about possible unilateral actions that could further jeopardize the search for peace among Israelis and Palestinians and the delicate situation in the Middle East “. In giving news, the Vatican Press Office recalled that the Holy See reiterates that – as it had already declared on November 20, 2019 and on May 20 last – the State of Israel and the State of Palestine “have the right to exist and to live in peace and security, within internationally recognized borders”.

Hence the appeal to the parties “to seek to reopen the path of direct negotiation, on the basis of the relevant United Nations resolutions, facilitated by measures that serve to restore mutual trust” and, as Pope Francis wished in invoking Peace in the Holy Land in the Vatican Gardens, on June 8, 2014, have “The courage to say yes to the meeting and no to the clash; yes to dialogue and no to violence; yes to negotiation and no to hostilities; yes to compliance with the agreements and no to provocations; yes to sincerity and no to duplicity ».

To stir the souls sensitive to peace and the Chanceries around the world is Israel’s announced annexation of areas of the West Bank where more than 130 colonies have been built (a portion of the territory fluctuating between 20 and 30 percent of the total), considered illegal by the international community. The trial was due to begin on July 1st. But for the moment it has been made to slip. The parties are taking advantage of this time frame to explain their respective positions. Israel, first of all. “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu wants to declare, with US support, Israeli sovereignty over all Jewish settlements created in the West Bank since 1967, including those in the Jordan valley. In the last three election campaigns he has repeated this several times. Initially he concentrated on the annexation of the Jordan valley, but then he focused on the inclusion of all the West Bank settlements, “he explained in the Israeli newspaper Haaretz Noa Landau: “Under the agreement between Likud (Netanyahu’s right-wing party) and the Blue and White centrist party (led by Benny Gantz) to form a coalition government, Netanyahu could bring” the agreement on the extension of sovereignty signed with Washington to the national security committee and then to the government, for the approval of the executive and / or the Knesset“».

The annexation project resulted in the harsh condemnation of the Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas, of the King of Jordan Abdallah II, of the 22 League countries and most of the European countries and the international community. “Illegal,” he said Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, rejecting the Israeli plan. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson with a comment in the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Aharonot has declared against the annexation. The local churches have also raised their voices against the annexation project. “We can no longer speak honestly and concretely about the ‘Two Peoples Two States’ solution which becomes technically increasingly difficult. If then the annexation is made it will be an irreversible situation “, he thundered Archbishop Pierbattista Pizzaballa, apostolic administrator of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem, during a direct social report, reported the Catholic news agency Agensir in an articulated service by Daniele Rocchi.

“For the archbishop,” continued the analysis, “” talking about peace, negotiations, within both Palestinian and Israeli society is not very realistic. ” On the same line the patriarchs and heads of the Churches of the Holy Land, including Pizzaballa himself, the Custos of the Holy Land, Father Francesco Patton and the Greek Orthodox patriarch Theophilus III. In a joint note the religious leaders “consider this plan of unilateral annexation, invite the State of Israel to abstain” and urge the Quartet “USA, EU, UN and Russia to respond to this plan with a gradual and limited peace initiative in the time, in line with international law and the related United Nations resolutions, in order to guarantee complete, just and lasting peace in this part of the world, considered holy by the three Abrahamic faiths “».

Donald Trump (74 years old) and Benjamin Netanyahu (70) in Washington on January 28, 2020. Photo Reuters. Above: Cardinal Pietro Parolin, 65, Secretary of State of the Holy See., Photo Reuters. On the cover: Old Jerusalem seen from the Mount of Olives. Photo Reuters.

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