Fasting Tisha B’Av in Corona: The Complete Guide


Five difficult events happened to our ancestors on Tisha B’Av: the first of which is the sin of the spies in the wilderness, following which the entry of the people of Israel into the land for forty years was postponed. Later, the two temples that resided in Jerusalem were destroyed by the Babylonians and later the Romans, on Tisha B’Av. Our sages set this day as a fast to express the heavy grief over the event – and especially to provoke us to an answer with the understanding that the same circumstances that then caused destruction, arbitrariness and exist even today and cause many breakdowns within us.

Every person must fast on this day in the five tortures: eating, drinking, washing, lubricating, intercourse and wearing leather shoes. Apart from these tortures are also strict in mourning customs: do not sit on a chair until midnight, do not greet “peace”, do not engage in idle things that distract from mourning, and a craft that is not essential – do not do until midnight.

One does not study Torah on this day except in matters related to destruction, such as the Book of Lamentations or the Midrashim of Destruction, or in matters related to human suffering such as the Book of Job.

30 seconds on Tisha B’Av

Patients who are forbidden by a doctor to fast are not allowed to aggravate themselves. Those who can fast but need to take medication will swallow as usual. If swallowing the medicine requires water – try to use a small amount (less than a quarter).

Children do not have to fast. And there are no educators to fast for hours as there are educators on Yom Kippur.

The Chief Rabbi of Israel, David Lau, issued a ruling on halakhah The exonerated from fasting T. Bab father Corona patients as well as people who developed the symptoms of the disease without being proven to be infected. In preparation for the fast for the destruction of the temples, which will be celebrated from evening (Wednesday) and for a day, the rabbi stated that even those who fell ill and recovered but felt weak – will not fast.
Praying in JerusalemPraying in Jerusalem

But that has no end

(Photo: EPA)

Thus, a person whose temperature has risen above 38 degrees will not fast, even if not diagnosed with corona. He who is in isolation without symptoms is not exempt from fasting, but if he feels weak he should drink for lessons (37 cc every 9 minutes), but if the weakness increases he will eat and drink – but the rabbi reserves that eating on Tisha B’Av is not for pleasure but necessary, so eat One stew at each meal, and of course keeping the rest of the mourning laws.

Towards T. Bab The Ministry of Health’s information staff turned to senior ultra-Orthodox arbitrators – and issued a special booklet for the ultra-Orthodox public distributed by the Ministry of Health. Among other things, it was ruled that because of the danger of the corona, This year there is a special permit to wash hands and soap them on Tisha B’Av, And even in a thorough and prolonged manner, and this despite the prohibition to wash hands on this day.

The permit is intended to prevent the spread of the disease from the state of “aggravated danger from prohibition” (an Aramaic expression that states that instead of endangering life, the duty of care prevails over halakhah). In a ruling on the issue issued by the chief rabbi himself, he stressed that “special care must be taken in maintaining hygiene.”

A brochure from the Ministry of Health clarified that You can also use alcohol to disinfect your hands, And this is allowed even though on Tisha B’Av it is forbidden to use creams or oils. The permit is because it is a medical operation and not a skin care.

The arbitrators further state in a booklet of the Ministry of Health that “There is no legal permit to give up a mask and this is also obligatory from the state of mental supervision“And that” both a cantor and a reader in the synagogue must wear a mask. “

It is customary to read the scroll “Lamentations” from a kosher scroll. In this case one is greeted before reading “On the Scripture Scroll”.

The lamentations contain many lamentations that have been composed over the generations. Most of them are in difficult poetic language, which is difficult for even fluent Hebrew speakers to understand. There is room to shorten in saying the lamentations to multiply intentionally. Many places have a list of selected lamentations, and also add a lament composed in memory of the victims of the Holocaust.

The Chief Rabbi emphasized that This year the time for reciting lamentations in public should be shortened, “Due to the need to exclude the length of stay in the public space and due to weather conditions.” The rabbi explained that lamentations can also be said at home, And in public only the lamentations “Shabbat Soro Mani”, “Zion Do Not Ask” and “Eli Zion” should be said.

I am starting the ninth month of my pregnancy, and I wanted to ask if I should fast the Tisha B’Av fast (I will then be in week 40).

The fast of T. Bab is more severe than the other fasts (17th of Tammuz, the tenth of Tevet, the fast of Gedaliah and Ta’anit Esther); the fast begins already in the evening, and the other fasts – only in the morning; on Tisha B’Av five things are forbidden – eating and drinking, bathing, locking leather shoes, Lubrication with oils and intercourse, however the rest of the fasts are forbidden only in eating and drinking.

In these words Tisha B’Av is similar to Yom Kippur in the severity of the fast. However, there is a difference between them: the fast of Yom Kippur is from the Torah, compared to the fast of Tisha B’Av, which is a regulation of the prophets and sages. We even believe and hope that this fast will be abolished while the Temple is built, and as it already was in the days of the Second Temple.

This difference also leads to a different reference in the severity of the fasts, i.e. more ease when needed. In Shulchan Aruch it was decided: “Embryos and breastfeeds fast on the 9th of Av as they fast and complete on Yom Kippur” However, many recent arbitrators claim that nowadays men and women are weaker than in ancient times and fasting can harm them or the fetus, and exempt them from fasting.

It is usually very difficult for me to fast. This time I will have to breastfeed a two-month-old baby who is breastfeeding every three hours or so. What’s the law?

Halacha requires breastfeeding women to fast only on Yom Kippur and Tisha B’Av. And yet there is a difference between them. The Yom Kippur fast is from the Torah, but the fast of Tisha B’Av is from Durban, so when necessary we make it much easier.

The main problem of breastfeeding fasting is sometimes lack of milk for the baby especially after the day of fasting. This problem can be solved by preparing breast milk (by pumping) in advance and placing it in the refrigerator.

On Tisha B’Av, which is prohibited from Durban, it can be eased when necessary. This is especially true if breastfeeding is complete.

Soldiers who are in operational activity and anyone who is on the road in a way that is difficult to walk without shoes, can wear regular shoes.

Pregnant and lactating women fast from the principle of law. However, they can be relieved if the doctor forbids them to fast, or they are very weak. It is advisable to consult a rabbi.

Soldiers in operational activity can make it easier if this may impair their activity, both in terms of eating and drinking and certainly with regard to locking shoes.

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