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In Mali, five West African heads of state are expected in Bamako to try to resolve the Malian crisis. A mission led by the current president of the ECOWAS Mahamadou Issoufou. Despite the mission last week, no agreement between power and opposition has yet been found. This Thursday, July 23, while the Malians hope for a resolution of the crisis, it will be necessary to find a compromise and to get all the parties to agree on the political level but also on the institutional level. </p><div> <p><em>From our correspondent in Bamako,</em> <strong>Coralie Pierret</strong>
Apart from the political crisis, because Mali has not had a government for forty days, the institutional imbroglio does not seem to be resolved. The Constitutional Court continues to crystallize tensions. Since it invalidated part of the results of the legislative elections in May, favoring, according to the opposition, the presidential majority, 31 deputies continue to demand that they be reinstated in their seats. This is also one of the recommendations of the ECOWAS but to this day, the question of how remains unresolved. The constitutional Court, dissolved by President IBK, still has no new members at this stage.
Settle electoral disputes to resolve the crisis
In a letter addressed to the President of the Republic, Manassa Danioko, the disputed President of the Court, also denounced the decree repealing the magistrates by presenting it as a violation of the constitution by President IBK. ” Article 37 of the organic law prevents any unjustified dismissal. However, the grounds invoked are not established at this time. »Says Ibrahim Sangho, electoral analyst.
So how do you make the appointment of new members legal? The debate has imposed itself within the profession. However, their appointment is urgent because they are the ones who are supposed to settle the electoral dispute at the heart of the current crisis.
« We want peace »
In the meantime, Malians have a lot of hope in the coming of heads of state, according to our correspondent in Bamako Serge Daniel. When Malians are asked about expectations, a single sentence comes up: ” We want peace “. And what does peace mean? There, opinions diverge. The discourse of opponents and their supporters is well known: resignation of the President of the Republic and good governance. Those in power say: ” we can claim but without demonstrating in the streets and without putting up barricades or setting tires on fire ».
In Bamako, everyone hopes a lot from the coming of several heads of state this Thursday. The inhabitants of the Malian capital dream of a definitive peace. ” We must not solve the problem and start again a few weeks later », Confides an inhabitant of the right bank of the Niger river. Other interviewees, who refuse to be in a camp, have their opinions. For them, the expected heads of state should not come as trade unionists, but tell the truth to the opposition but also to the president.
This shows the extreme gravity of the situation and the urgency to find a quick solution.
An extraordinary trip by heads of state
Dakar follows very closely what is happening in Mali
The presidents of Nigeria, Niger, Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Senegal are expected in Bamako on Thursday. In Senegal, the authorities have not made public statements on the Malian crisis. But Dakar is closely following the evolution of the political situation in its neighbor, because of its possible security consequences, we learn. our correspondent in Dakar, Charlotte Idrac.
The Goudiry military camp is not yet operational, but the first stone was laid last week in this locality in eastern Senegal, near the Malian border. A sign of Dakar’s desire to strengthen the system in the face of cross-border threats, particularly in the Tambacounda department and the Kedougou mining area. « Senegalese authorities are very aware of the risk of terrorist infiltration from Mali », Assures an observer, but« remain in a posture of discretion ».
« Vital and colossal interests »
However, Senegalese columnist Babacar Justin Ndiaye speaks of a ” regrettable ignition delay “. For the columnist, President Macky Sall should have been ” in the first line “And play” a driving role ”In the Malian case, given the“ vital and colossal interests ”between the two countries. Researcher Bakary Sambe, for his part, points out that Senegal had remained in the background when the Malian crisis broke out in 2012, but that its soldiers are now very active participants in Minusma, the UN force in Mali. Finally, Macky Sall is ” in his classics “, With a diplomacy of” good neighborhood ” and of ” peaceful conflict resolution “, Continues the director of the Timbuktu Institute, who quotes the proverb:” if your neighbor’s beard catches fire, wet yours ».