Travel, freedom of movement, but with fever you don’t travel. App, 500 thousand clicks in 24 hours

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«From tomorrow (today, editor’s note) total mobility returns and not just for work between the Regions. But we must not forget the 33 thousand Italians who are no longer there and the health workers who have worked in an incredible way ». Minister for Regional Affairs Francesco Boccia said yesterday. And so finally the Italians return to take back the freedom of movement that the COVID-19 he had stolen them from the first ten days of March. Freedom will not be total. It will be forbidden to take a train for all those who turn out to have a temperature above 37.5 degrees. All passengers – as has already been happening for some time – will have to have their temperature checked by a thermoscanner and so the Railways invite everyone to show up at the station well in advance to allow the check to be made respecting the distance.
And there is another good news: in just 24 hours, over 500,000 Italians downloaded the Immuni App on their mobile. This is the technological tool that – starting from 8 June – will warn us if we should meet a person infected by Covid. Among other things, Immune is hacker-proof due to the collaboration – free of charge – of Mobisec, a Treviso-based company that takes care of IT security.

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The contemporaneity of the two news items makes us understand that the return to normal will be relative. Moreover, we will continue to live with a babel of regional ordinances. It thus happens that in the stations and airports of Lazio and Campania, but not in other Regions, it will be possible – and therefore not mandatory – to answer questionnaires and do blood tests. After melting like snow in the sun, picturesque hypotheses such as those of the “health passports” dear to the President of Sardinia Christian Solinas, some Regions did not, however, give up on having bureaucratic complications. Sicily, for example, has extended the obligation for tourists to contact their family doctor and to notify the ASL if they have symptoms attributable to Covid 19. Those arriving in Puglia will have to report by downloading a form from the Region’s website. And yet the relief remains: it will not be the babel of local mini-rules that prevents Italians from breathing freedom to travel, albeit with attention.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

FALSE: Regions can apply for health passports
The Regions cannot prevent other Italians from moving freely throughout the national territory. The Constitution expressly provides for it. Freedom of movement in recent weeks has been limited by the government to protect public health which is a primary asset of the entire community. The Regions were able to order – until yesterday because a decree transformed into law by the national Parliament allowed it – only details such as the quarantine obligation for those who entered their territory for work needs. Among other things, the Regions do not have law enforcement agencies which depend on the government and, on the territory, on the representatives of the executive and therefore on the Prefects for public order needs.

TRUE: In the questionnaire stations to be completed
Travelers may be asked to fill in questionnaires at some stations and at some airports. Attention, however, it will not be mandatory to answer. It is good to underline that not all the Regions have ordered the use of this tool which in practice has the purpose of keeping the travelers’ attention high on the respect of the anti-Covid rules (distance of one meter, washing hands often, using the mask indoors). Instead, it is mandatory to undergo temperature control with the thermoscanner, which is also provided for by a government Dcpm. If the temperature is above 37.5 ° a blood test may be requested. So it is good not to travel if you also experience mild flu symptoms.

FALSE: To move self-certification still required
No: no self-certification is needed from today. This document, however, changed 4 or 5 times for legal reasons, will probably remain among the least pleasant memories of spring 2020. However, purely superstitious, at least until the vaccine will be good to keep it in the drawer of memories. Could it really come back into fashion in the event of a second wave? Today it seems difficult. If anything, perhaps the self-certification could be reused in case of establishment – we all hope not – of new red areas in relatively limited territorial areas. Furthermore, if the epidemic remains confined to a number of controlled cases, the self-certification could be replaced if necessary with some technological tool with dedicated apps.

FALSE: All health regulations abolished
False. The pandemic is not over and therefore many health obligations remain. Common sense and respect for one’s own health and for that of the community is not enough. The most important obligations that must always be respected are three: minimum distance of one meter, washing hands often and using the mask indoors (and also outdoors in the Regions that provide for it). The distance to be respected is variable in many cases. For example, between those who train in the gym (and therefore breathe more “strongly” emitting the “deadly” droplets that may contain the virus) the minimum distance must be at least two meters. Even those who run in a park must keep away from other people. In closed places it is advisable to distance yourself as much as possible.

TRUE: A mask is mandatory in closed places
Yes. The mask is mandatory in all closed places starting from buses and subways. This physical barrier – of which we will see more types – can be fundamental whenever social distancing is not respected. The most common mask, the so-called surgical one, serves above all to not emit droplets but protects little (about 20%) from droplets emitted by other people. therefore it is essential that when you are among several people all use these masks. surgical costs 50 cents. The level of protection can increase with professional masks of the type Ffp2 and Ffp3 which are intended especially for particular operators such as nurses.

FALSE: To download the anti-Covid app you must give the name
It’s false. The Immuni App works for codes connected between mobile phones and not to our name. In this way, once an infected person gives the alarm, his mobile phone will notify all the codes that he has registered in the last 15 days. Hence the arrival of the signal on our mobile in ways that respect everyone’s privacy. The only personal data that must be given to Immuni is the city of residence. it should be remembered that in order for Immuni to register a code, it will be necessary to stay close between two people for at least 15 minutes. The App therefore becomes essential especially for commuters, for those who often use the subway or for those who work close to colleagues for quite long periods. Far more invasive tracking apps have been very effective in South Coresa, China and Japan.

FALSE: Compulsory blood tests
There are no mandatory tests. Huge confusion has occurred on serological tests (i.e. blood tests intended to find antibodies formed in the presence of Covid). First of all, it must be said that they are different from swabs (sticks to be inserted in the nose and mouth) that allow you to identify the presence of the virus. Those with antibodies are not ill but have been in contact with the virus. The Red Cross is currently doing 150,000 tests for as many people identified by Istat with the aim of mapping the spread of the virus throughout Italy and taking countermeasures in the event of a second wave. The Lazio Region is doing 300,000 tests starting from doctors. Campania did carpet tests in a red area: Ariano Irpino. All on a voluntary basis.

FALSE: Collective activities authorized
During a pandemic, a gathering of any nature, sports, politics, family, is the most dangerous event that can be celebrated. Therefore they remain prohibited. Even for the funeral – which at the beginning of the epidemic were underestimated giving rise to some dangerous outbreaks in Puglia and Campania – very strict limits remain. It is a very delicate issue because it directly affects the political and demonstration freedoms that are guaranteed by the Constitution. However, it is good to underline that not respecting the distance of at least one meter remains dangerous for one’s own and collective health. Covid 19 remains insidious because in the vast majority of cases it infects people who do not feel any symptoms of the disease but who can pass it on to those around them.

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