In Lombardy, 402 new cases of infection were recorded. The Lombard budget continues to be by far the worst in Italy and totals 89,928 cases of contagion and 16,222 deaths overall. In the province of Milan there were 99 new cases of infection today (yesterday 31), of which 52 in Milan (yesterday 16). Today five regions have not recorded any infections: Basilicata, Campania, Molise, Umbria and Valle d’Aosta, and eleven other regions have recorded less than ten each.
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– Lombardy Region (@RegLombardia) June 5, 2020
These, however, are numbers to be taken with extreme caution: in Italy, as in many other countries in the world, the number of positive cases ascertained includes only the people who tested positive for the swab, but not the hundreds of thousands of people who they contracted the virus and never did the test, and therefore never returned to the official counts. A similar discussion must be made for the number of dead, and also the number of healed and discharged must be taken with the springs (here is the long explanation of the numbers and the necessary prudences to have in interpreting them).
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The other news today
Two of the most important scientific journals in the medical field in the world – Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) – have withdrawn two studies on the experimentation of drugs against COVID-19, which had great repercussions in the search for new treatments against the disease caused by the coronavirus. One of the two studies had prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to stop testing with hydroxychloroquine, an antimalarial that had given some positive results in the treatment of patients, but which according to research now withdrawn could have had effects in some cases serious side effects on COVID-19 patients.
It does not often happen that studies published in journals of this level are withdrawn, and that this happens so quickly after their diffusion. According to several experts, the story shows how the search for solutions for the pandemic has led to a certain frenzy in the scientific and clinical field, with the publication of dozens of new research every day and little time to verify its reliability also by the magazines most respected scientific. Here we have explained more fully what happened and what repercussions the affair had.
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Today in an interview with Corriere della Sera Andrea Crisanti, microbiologist of the University of Padua, among the Italian experts who have had the most to do with coronavirus, commented on the recent statements by Alberto Zangrillo, chief of anesthesia and resuscitation at the San Raffaele hospital in Milan, according to which coronavirus “from the clinical point of view no longer exists”. The statements had been taken up by many newspapers but, as we explained, the expression used by Zangrillo does not mean that the virus has disappeared, but that it is less relevant than a few weeks ago for the symptoms it entails.
According to Crisanti “the epidemic is not like an earthquake or a flood. It is a dynamic event, it moves over time and definitive conclusions cannot be drawn from a single observation. It makes no sense to say that the virus no longer exists, at all levels: it’s madness. It exists for me. If Professor Zangrillo had gone to Vo ‘the first week of January he would probably have said that the virus did not exist clinically. And then we saw what he did. The truth is that we know too little about his behavior to arrive at a determination. ”
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Crisanti then specified that there is a different matter to be made regarding the “penetrative charge” of the virus: “If we use the masks and the distancing, the viral load is lowered and the penetrative capacity drops”, he said in the interview, adding that “assuming there is common sense on everyone’s part, with the fact that the virus is sensitive to temperature, I think we should have a relatively quiet summer.”
The Interior Ministry announced that on June 4, the second day of reopening of the borders between the regions, 66,197 people were checked, 196 of whom were sanctioned and 7 reported for leaving their home despite being quarantined. The commercial activities subject to controls were instead 22,502, 25 entrepreneurs were sanctioned and closure was ordered for 6 activities.
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Meanwhile, the Swiss government today announced that from 15 June the country’s borders will be reopened to all the states of the European Union, to the United Kingdom, and to the states of the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein).
Previously, the government had announced the complete opening of the borders for Germany, Austria and France only, also starting from 15 June. The government’s decision was taken considering the improvement of the epidemiological situation of the coronavirus in Europe, and is in line with the reopenings already announced by several other countries, also due to the pressure exerted on this issue by the Union Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson.
The Guardia di Finanza of Florence has seized 620 thousand masks with a forged CE mark (which should certify that they comply with European standards). The masks, with a total value of 1.1 million euros, were distributed in the provinces of Florence, Rome, Milan and Rovigo and had been imported from China by a Venetian company. The owners of the company have been reported for fraud in the exercise of the trade.
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