“According to the concept of entanglement, or spectral action at a distance, as defined by Einstein, the properties of each particle influence and depend on the properties of other particles, even if the interactions occur at great distances. Quantum teleportation involves two distant particles intertwined, where the state of a third particle instantly teleports its state to the two intertwined particles, “he explains Andrew Jordan, Professor of Physics at the University of Rochester, adding that the process takes advantage of the properties of the qubits.”Normal computers rely on bits, which take binary values of 0 or 1, while quantum computers encode information in quantum bits, or qubits, which can simultaneously take on the two values. Our study demonstrates quantum teleportation using electromagnetic photons to create remote intertwined pairs of qubits, “the researchers continue. The team used a newly developed technique based on the Heisenberg exchange mating principles. “Electrons can be compared to magnets with a pole that can point up or down, depending on the electron’s magnetic moment, or spin. Two particles with the same magnetic moment cannot be in the same place at the same instant, or their quantum states would replace each other back and forth in time “, continues Nichol, claiming to have managed to create the entanglement between two electrons despite the lack of interaction between the particles.
“Our results pave the way for future research on quantum teleportation involving spin states of all matter, not just photons, and provide further evidence of the surprisingly useful capacities of individual electrons in qubits,” the scientists conclude.