The researchers, coordinated by Janice Brahney, analyzed the sampled atmospheric particulate matter over 14 months in 11 national parks and protected areas. Faced with the first results “we were shocked and repeatedly made the calculations to find out if they were wrong,” confesses Brahney. “We thus verified that about 4% of the atmospheric particles from these remote locations were synthetic polymers.” And the estimates, the researchers admit, may even be wrong by default: the study has in fact considered only the colored particles and not the white ones that are more difficult to visualize.
Microplastics found in the atmosphere (source: Janice Brahney, Utah State University)
Most of the microplastics analyzed are microfibres deriving from industrial fabrics and materials. About 30% of the particles are brightly colored microspheres: made of acrylic, they probably come from industrial paints and coatings. Other particles are fragments of larger plastic pieces. The microplastics that deposit with atmospheric precipitations have cities and inhabited centers as their primary source, but secondary sources have also been identified which include the redistribution of the particles reintroduced from the soil and the surface of the waters. The particles that fall to the ground only due to the effect of gravity, on the other hand, indicate the existence of a large-scale transport mechanism, even intercontinental.
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