To have imposed the sentence under the species of Mofsed-and-filarz allowed the death penalty: after the revolution with this type of condemnation at least 8000 were executed among opponents, old supporters and officials of the Shah regime.But the Zam case has a still unclear background: when he appeared in Tehran in the autumn of 2019 after escaping to France, the “Guardians of the Revolution” declared that Zam was part of a “psychological warfare” campaign and was under orders of the French authorities. It would also have acted with the support of the intelligence services of the United States and Israel. Zam had somehow been arrested in Iraq, where he had been lured on the pretext of participating in a journalist project. He was transferred to Tehran with an operation that the pasdarans had called “sophisticated and professional: a trap organized with modern intelligence methods and innovative tactics”. He has since been taken over by the Iranian judicial system, which has now issued his death sentence.