From Minneapolis to the Italian squares, the longa manus of the Israeli police


I can not breathe. I can not breathe. I can not breathe. The last words of African American George Floyd, barbarously murdered by a police officer in Minneapolis, have produced a lacerating wound in the conscience of the United States of America that can never be healed again. It is not the first time that a heinous crime, marked by xenophobic and class racism, has been filmed by a camera and transmitted virally by TV and social networks. The novelty, perhaps, lies in the narrative difficulties of power in justifying the reasons for “public order” and “defense of private property” to the point of attempting to blame the individual in extremis to save the entire US police-repressive system.

Acute observers and associations fighting to defend the rights of the Palestinian people have pointed out that the images of Minneapolis are completely identical to those that are recorded daily in Jerusalem, West Bank, Gaza, Golan, Lebanon, etc., where they operate with impunity. the police and the Israeli military in the “containment” of the protests and in the repression of any form of opposition to the structural violence of the Zionist occupation regime. The resemblance of bodies crushed under boots, pistols and camouflages is not accidental, unfortunately. It is indeed intervention techniques learned in the same “training” centers by the same “trainers”: the police and armed forces schools of the State of Israel and the countless private agency-companies that have sprung up everywhere with investments and veteran personnel from the Israeli military-industrial complex.

In the United States of America criminal connection Tel Aviv – local, district and interdepartmental police has long been known and has also been documented and reported by Amnesty International. In an August 2016 report, the NGO placed the index on an incomprehensible omission by the US Justice Department, which while stigmatizing the “widespread constitutional violations, the increase in discrimination and the culture of retaliation” within of the Baltimore Police Department (responsible for crimes similar to the one committed in Minneapolis), had not remembered the very close lawyers with Israel. “The Israeli national police, military and intelligence services trained the Baltimore Police to control crowds, use force and surveillance,” wrote Amnesty International. “Baltimore officers and police officers, along with hundreds of others from Florida, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, California, Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Georgia, the state of Washington as well as police from the capital went to Israel for training activities. Thousands of other policemen have been trained by Israeli officers in the United States. Many of these trips were financed with public funds while others by private individuals. Since 2002, the Anti-Defamation League, the American Jewish Committee’s Project Interchange and the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs have paid for the training of police chiefs and subordinates in Israel and the Occupied Territories. Nonetheless, Amnesty International, other human rights organizations and the State Department itself cited Israeli police for carrying out extrajudicial executions and other illegal killings, using inhuman treatment and torture (including against children), suppressed freedom of expression and association. and exceeded in the use of force against peaceful demonstrators “.

There are also numerous Latin American countries, Chile, Colombia and Brazil in the lead, to cooperate with Tel Aviv for the training of “public order management” of elite and police units. And Italy, Israel’s historic political-strategic partner? In truth, very little is known about it and the only news leaked in the media focused on the use by the State Police, local police and the Carabinieri weapon of mini-drones and sophisticated video surveillance, intelligence and computer technologies produced in the Israeli industrial and academic districts. Yet between the Government of the Italian Republic and that of the State of Israel there is a Agreement on public security, signed in Rome on 2 December 2013 by the then Minister of the Interior, Angelino Alfano, and by the Israeli Minister of Public Security, Yitzhak Aharonovitch The Agreement, ratified by the Chambers with a bipartisan vote on 19 May 2017, covers a wide spectrum of activities of exchange and collaboration between the police forces of the two states. “The Governments of Italy and Israel – reads the long introduction toAgreement – recognize their mutual interest in cooperating in order to protect their peoples, goods and interests from threats, by fighting crime in general in order to guarantee public safety; (are) aware that the criminal phenomena associated with organized crime, illegal migration, trafficking in human beings, illicit trade in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and drug precursors, considerably affect both States, compromising both security, that public order and the well-being and physical safety of its citizens; (they are) eager to facilitate and develop cooperation between them, including through the exchange of knowledge, experiences, information and technologies “.

Article 2 of the Agreement lists the areas of “prevention and repression” in which the Department of Public Security of the Ministry of the Interior and the Israeli Ministry of Public Security should collaborate: “against” transnational organized crime and human traffickers, drugs, weapons, ammunition and explosives; crimes against property, including the protection of historic and cultural assets; economic crimes and money laundering; cybercrime and, last but not least, “terrorism”, a term used indiscriminately on a global level to repress any form of dissent from the neoliberal model.

Article. 3 instead lists the forms of cooperation bilateral: “the exchange of information on crimes, criminal organizations, their modus operandi, their structures and their contacts; the types of drugs, the places and methods of production, the channels and means used by traffickers, the concealment techniques, as well as the methods of operation of the drug controls at the borders and the use of new technical means; methods for combating illegal migration; passports and other travel documents, visas, entry and exit stamps; criminal infiltration into companies participating in public works procurement procedures; training and professional updating and the exchange of experiences relating to the management of public order on the occasion of large events and mass demonstrations; the scientific methods and technological tools applied in the public security sector; the bomb disposal units, methods and technologies used in the identification of explosive devices and materials; the systems adopted for the protection of infrastructures and sensitive objectives; the performance of joint operations as support for info-investigative initiatives and the exchange of data on subjects suspected of being involved in criminal activities, etc. “. All sectors are very delicate and in which the information shared with the partner police is exterminated and then it will have full autonomy and full powers to do what it wants. And it certainly does not reduce fears and anxieties as we read in art. 8 of theAgreement on public security, according to which “each Party guarantees a level of protection of the personal data acquired in compliance with that ensured by the other Party and adopts the necessary technical measures to protect them from accidental or unlawful destruction, accidental loss, disclosure or alteration, unauthorized access or from any type of unauthorized processing “. Furthermore, the guarantees of impunity and action that could be ensured to are broad criminals-terrorists “Friends” or secret agents on a special mission. Article. 5, in fact, states that “the request for assistance can be refused in whole or in part if the competent Authority observes that its execution could compromise the sovereignty, internal security, public order or other fundamental interests of its State” .

The establishment of a Joint Working Group to whom to entrust the task of discussing and approving further cooperation programs and “agreeing” exchanges of delegations and the “secondment” of security experts, especially as regards the exchange of information and the fulfillment of requests for assistance. The Agreement of December 2, 2013 has an unlimited duration, but gives the two Parties the faculty to temporarily suspend its implementation “if this provision is necessary to guarantee the security of the State and public order, or the safety and health of its citizens”. From what can be deduced from the last paragraph, with the entry into force of bilateral agreement, an agreement between the Italian and Israeli governments finally ended “on cooperation in the fight against illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, terrorism and other serious crimes ”, signed on 10 February 2005 in Jerusalem.

To lay the foundations for the new and broader model of collaboration between the Italian and Israeli police forces was the mission to Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, on 18 and 18 January 2010, of the then Chief of Police, prefect Antonio Manganelli, prematurely disappeared three years later. “Strengthening cooperation and intensifying the exchange of information to fight terrorism and cybercrimes together: these are the main topics on which the operational meetings that Dr. Manganelli had in Israel, “says the official website of the State Police, the only one who documented the event in great detail. “The goal is to create a group of experts who can make the exchange of experiences in these sectors permanent (…) The prefect Manganelli met with top local security officials and discussed with them the common strategies to be undertaken and the minister Israeli Internal Security Officer, Yitzhak Aharonovitch. ” The latter, as we have seen, would then have signed his agreement with the Minister Alfano. Former general and commander-in-chief of the border police, Aharonovitch led the police forces deployed in the West Bank in the late 1990s; left political life, today he is the president of IMI Systems (formerly Israel Military Industries), one of the largest Israeli industrial groups producing land warfare, weapons and ammunition, recently acquired by the holding Elbit Systems.

“On the same morning, the head of the Italian police went to Tel Aviv to meet the director general of the Ministry of Defense, Oudi Shami, who is also responsible for the protection of industrial and strategic infrastructures,” continues the note from the State Police. “The goal is to exchange information on cyber crime systems and cyber police services. A sector in which – remarked Antonio Manganelli – Italy, with the specialization achieved by the postal police, can boast a recognized role of world leadership alongside the USA, Great Britain and Canada“.

During the mission to Israel, the then head of the Italian Police also met with the counterpart responsible for the Israeli police force Dudi Cohen, the deputy chief Ilan Franko and the director general of Public Security of the Ministry of Interior, Hagai Peleg . “Among the specific topics addressed, not even the very current one of the possible introduction of the body scanner at international airports, “added the police press office. A delicate tool, said the prefect, whose effectiveness depends above all on a context of international cooperation and the identification of one common best practice“.

On the “historic” visit of the prefect Manganelli, the institutional site of the Italian State Police dedicated another article on January 21, 2010. “Not only about security and the fight against terrorism, the head of the Italian Police spoke about the two days of meetings had with the Israeli security leaders; but also of techniques of protection of government and repentant personalities and of the fight against drug trafficking, human beings and money laundering as well as current issues such as the safety of travelers ”, we read. “The intention is to activate common synergies as much as possible in all these sectors and to create a joint Italian-Israeli working group capable of making the exchange of information and experience effective, thus strengthening cooperation between the two countries, already established with an agreement signed in 2007 (It is another in addition to the agreement signed on February 10, 2005 in Jerusalem? nda) “.

“In talks with the Israeli security leaders, specific objectives were identified on which to work together, but above all, the best operational experiences of each country were highlighted, which can be made a common factor for an increasingly fruitful collaboration”, the article of the State Police continues. “Italy can make available the experience gained in the fight against organized crime, starting with witness protection programs and of logistic-administrative management of collaborators of justice; the Jewish state in turn can share its practice in the area of individual protection of personalities and in general of the counter-terrorism techniques, also through the intensification of the common training programs already started by the Special Departments of the Italian police, the Nocs, with their Israeli colleagues … “.

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