Electric cars: how to install a wallbox in private spaces and in condominiums

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One of the main worries for those who would like to buy an electric car is where to recharge it and at what costs. Here’s how to install it and how much it costs to recharge

The electric car is popular, but in order to conquer the general public it has to overcome two major obstacles: the purchase price, which is notoriously higher than an equivalent with a thermal engine, and the ease of access to the charging network. On this last point, it is necessary to work in two directions: significantly expand the network of public columns and – those who have space – to have a home wallbox. Can I use the electrical system in my home and install a home recharge? In an independent house it is rather simple and immediate, in particular you have the availability to access the private area with the vehicle or – better still – if you have a garage. But what happens in the condominium? There are several options that we have collected for the benefit of those who intend to buy a zero-emission car. The costs vary from the type of wallbox you want to install, there are from € 400 (excluding assembly) up to € 3,000. All energy suppliers offer “turnkey” installation and power increase, but the user can also choose to have the system installed on his own.

WALLBOX IN A PRIVATE AREA

If you live in an apartment building and have a garage – or at least a private area – the installation of the wallbox depends on how the electricity is supplied. If you can install a counter registered to a single condominium then just send a written communication to the condominium administrator, who must only take note of the decision since no special authorizations are needed. If instead we connect to condominium power line, the administrator has the task of commissioning a technician to carry out all the necessary checks. Then the administrator himself will have to establish the amount and the share of the expenses to be incurred. A meter for measuring energy consumption will also be installed on the branch of the private power line, to charge the costs to the individual condominium that uses it.

WALLBOX IN A COMMON AREA

The charging station for an electric car can also be located in a common condominium area. In this case, the written application that must be submitted to the administrator must be accompanied by the detailed project and must be approved by the condominium assembly. To obtain the authorization of the assembly it is necessary to reach the deliberative quorum, the majority of the participants and at least half the value of the building expressed in thousandths of shares. The condominiums who do not intend to use the wallbox are exempt from any contribution in costs, but if they later change their mind and decide to use the recharging point they will obviously have to contribute to the maintenance and execution costs of the work, discounted to the value of the coin .

THE VOTE OF THE CONDOMINIUM

If the installation is decided by the entire condominium, the system becomes a common condominium property. Otherwise – even if the installation has been approved by the assembly – the charging points will be owned only by the condominiums that have participated in the installation costs. In the latter case, all purchase and installation costs (including construction works) will therefore be borne by the individual condominium or group of condominiums concerned. If, after three months from the submission of the written request, the assembly of the condominiums does not give their consent, the individual condominium (or group of condominiums) can still install the devices at their own expense, provided that the new system does not damage the common parts , does not alter the security or decorum of the building and does not hinder other co-owners in the use of the common areas. In the latter case, the area where the charging point is installed could not be used exclusively by the owners of electric cars.

THE TAX INCENTIVES

Electric mobility is promoted both on the car purchase side and on the installation side of the charging infrastructure through public grants. In the specific case, until December 31, 2021 you are entitled to one tax deduction of 50% of the costs incurred for the purchase and implementation, including costs for requesting additional power up to a maximum of 7 kW (paragraph 1039 of art. 1 of the 2019 Budget law). The deduction is calculated on a maximum amount of expenditure of 3,000 euros, therefore it can go up to 1,500 euros to be divided among the entitled parties. To access the deduction, the infrastructures must be equipped with one or more standard power charging points which are not accessible to the public. The most common domestic charging systems are excluded, i.e. those that supply the standard power of 3 kW. Those who, with a contractual power of 3 kW, would like to install a wall box by accessing the incentive, therefore, should simultaneously request from their supplier the increase in contractual power (up to 7 kW).

THE CHARGING COSTS

Last – but not least – an aspect to keep in mind if you want to install a home charging socket is that relating to the costs of recharging an electric car at home. The average cost of electricity for domestic use, between 2019 and 2020, was between 0.16 and 0.22 euros per kWh. Considering the fact that the newer models have batteries that reach 50 kWh, to make the “full” of energy you spend between 8 and 11 euros. Taking into account an average of about 6 km per kWh, the cost to travel 100 km is between 2.70 and 3.70 euros. If you then have a photovoltaic system to which you can connect the charging point, the convenience becomes even greater.



Source link
https://www.gazzetta.it/motori/mobilita-sostenibile/auto-elettriche/20-06-2020/auto-elettriche-come-installare-wallbox-spazi-privati-condominio-3701980607497.shtml

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