Giuseppe De Rita, founder of Censis, for many decades the diviner of deep Italy with his annual Report, at 88 years of age he certainly does not want, if he ever had any, effect analysis. And so the first reaction is between waiting and disenchantment: “We are coming out of a cave, surprised, isolated from each other. It is a random, non-univocal exit, each for himself and God for all. The passage from fear there has already been anger. Anger comes from being divided. But in the coming weeks we will see what this molecularization of society will translate into. ” But, barely the time for a break, and also the warning to the sailors arrives: “What will happen in the fall on the social and economic level will depend a lot on the approach of the government and the attitude of the individual. The rhetoric of the war and today reconstruction on the basis of an interventionist statism, the call to arms to the cry ‘we will get out better’, the practice of ‘completely closed’ and the rain bonuses, the verticalization of the decisions did not help and do not help free will and free initiative of people. But only the freedom and the initiative of individuals can make us recover. ”
Do you fear the risk of a very hot autumn from post-Coronavirus depression?
“We are in a moment of shadow or, as the musicians say, of rising and not of beat. A moment of syncope. And what we see in the squares today is not so important. But two things count to avoid the worst or the repetition errors: make an examination of conscience and find free will, even against the cogencies of virologists “.
What is the examination of conscience for?
“It is not possible to adequately manage the current and subsequent phases without asking us a few questions. For example: did it make sense to talk about war? The data communicated were the right ones? Why was it considered normal to close all of Italy when the has the epidemic essentially concerned three regions? Well, in my opinion there was no war, we experienced an epidemic in which, after all, only social distancing had a function. But the way of overall management went through a verticalization of power (on the figure of the Prime Minister, on Civil Protection, on the CTS) which had repercussions far beyond what was necessary “.
The health emergency, however, has been dramatic.
“Of course. And in fact the verticalization of power was inevitable in some way. But unlike other countries, we have gone beyond the indispensable of the health sector: and the risk is that this statist model also remains in the management of the economic and social emergency. And this would increase the depressive risks “.
What signs of this trend do you see in place?
“Distributing money from the helicopter for the multiple bonuses can also make sense, but only in the immediate future. The hypothesis of a new IRI, then, is completely misleading: it is easy to move from public intervention to military occupation of companies And someone says that Iri, the real one, has lived and frequented it “.
What policy, then, would serve to defuse the risks it identifies?
“A country is not governed without taking into account two fundamental criteria. It is a question of having a horizontal view: one cannot think that the same thing is happening everywhere. It is a question of accompanying the country, not of calling it to arms”.
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