Brazil, the Amazon devoured by farms: thus the meat that arrives in Europe is contaminated by illegality


There is a red thread that connects meat consumption in Europe, and in Italy, and the destruction ofAmazon. It is not always easy to see it, but it starts from recycling of the cattle in Brazil, i.e. breeding on illegally deforested land, and goes all the way to our tables. On the occasion of the World environment day, Greenpeace launches the report ‘Slaughter Forests II’, Which reveals the hidden link between deforestation is meat production. The dossier examines the farm’s activities Paredão, which settled within the state park Ricardo Franco, in Mato Grosso, when the protected area had already been established and which, according to an investigation by the organization, would move the animals raised outside the park before selling them, in order to hide the link with the illegally deforested areas. “The supply chain that leads the Brazilian meat on the European market is contaminated by activities illegal: products responsible for the destruction of ecosystems of great importance for the health of the planet, “he says Martina Borghi, countryside forests of Greenpeace Italy.

THE VIOLATED PARK – The state park Ricardo Franco, established in 1997, covers an area of ​​158 thousand hectares (larger than the surface of Rome) and is located on the border between the Brazil and the Bolivia, where they meetAmazon, the Cerrado, the most biodiverse savannah of the Planet and the Pantanal, the largest wetland in the world. “It is therefore an area that houses one biodiversity exceptional – he underlines greenpeace – which includes 472 species of birds and numerous endangered mammals, such as the giant anteater ”. Yet the park has never been adequately protected and, over the years, 71 percent of its extension has been occupied by 137 farms, which created pastures at the expense of the forest. According to the investigations of greenpeace, between April 2018 and June 2019, the company Paredão sold four thousand items to the company Barra Mansa, which is located outside the boundaries of the park. Barra Mansa supplies the main meat processing companies in the Brazil: JBS, Minerva and Marfrig, which in turn export all over the world, Italy included.

FROM RANCH TO BIG – La JBS particular, it is the largest meat packaging company in the world, which ended up at the center of the international scandal in early 2017 Meat fraca, a maxi-investigative operation that led to the discovery, in several states of the Brazil, of a network of officials and companies involved in illegal activities in the production of meat also intended for export to theEuropean Union. Not only that: the use of chemical products in expired meat, inclusive acids prohibited for food use, while in the slices of bovine Brazilian was injected water to increase its weight. With respect to the details that emerged during the most recent survey by greenpeace, while reiterating their commitment (signed in 2009) not to buy livestock from illegally deforested areas, have admitted that it is difficult to control ‘indirect suppliers’ today, i.e. farms not in good standing they sell livestock to those who respect the rules on paper.

WE ARE EATING THE AMAZONIA – In our country, between April 2018 and June 2019, so over two thousand tons of meat, intended for wholesalers who supply the Restaurants and large retailers. Consumption in theEuropean Union are tied to 10 percent of the deforestation global, which occurs mainly outside the EU borders. “To ensure that European citizens are not unwitting accomplices in the destruction of forests essential to the planet, such as the Amazon”, greenpeace asks the European Commission to rapidly introduce legislation “which guarantees that meat and other products, such as soy, palm oil and cocoa, sold on the European market, meet strict criteria of sustainability and are not related to the destruction or degradation of natural ecosystems and violations of human rights. ”

THE ANIMAL EQUALITY SURVEY – Last October, however, Animal Equality, international NGO for the defense of animal rights, documented with images shot with i drones deforestation in Amazon and the connection with the food industry and farms intensive. Investigators from the nonprofit association traveled to the north of Brazil, observing how nearly 6 thousand square kilometers of rain forest, the equivalent of 60 football fields every hour and documenting the passage of over a thousand trucks loaded with soy, on the way to the port of Itaituba. Soybean grown in deforested areas and intended for intensive breeding. “The fire – explained the ong – they are set as the final stage of the process of transforming forests into pastures or soybean plantations. THE burnings in the Amazon rainforest they are intended for breeding and the meat industry, such as space for pastures and for the cultivation of soy which is transformed into feed for chickens, pigs and fish “. About 79% of the world’s soy is used to feed animals confined in the farms and Brazilian soybean is the most exported globally.

THE GALOPPANT DEFORESTATION – “Unfortunately, what happens in the park Ricardo Franco it is not an isolated case – he explains Martina Borghi – similar situations are common in many areas of theBrazilian Amazon. At the moment, it is impossible for anyone who buys clothes or meat from this land to guarantee a chain without deforestation and hoarding of lands. ” According to theBrazilian Space Research Institute (INPE), in 2019 deforestation in Amazon has increased by 30 percent over the previous year, affecting 55 percent of storage (protected areas, just like the park Ricardo Franco) and 62 percent of lands indigenous. This year the situation seems destined to get worse: between January and April, deforestation alarms increased by 62 percent and within the conservation units this increase has already reached 167 percent compared to the same period last year.

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