The turning point of Trieste: the solemn memory of the end of the red occupation


TO Trieste the definitive release from the horrors of Second World War did not arrive on April 25, but on June 12, 1945 after 40 days of occupation of the Julian capital of the troops of Tito. And now this date has become an official anniversary thanks to a proposal from the mayor Roberto Dipiazza. On June 12 Trieste will solemnly remember “the day of the liberation of the city from the Yugoslav occupation”. Berlin celebrates the fall of the wall, but the Julian capital is the first city of the then free world that will celebrate the end, fortunately short, of a communist occupation. In the resolution approved on May 26, we read that “on June 12, with the departure of the Yugoslav troops and their political police (Ozna), those arrests and deportations functional to the plan of preventive land reclamation implemented for definitively make Trieste an integral part of communist Yugoslavia and the result of which were thousands of dead and disappeared throughout the Julian territory “.
On May 30, 1945 the partisans of the IX Corpus Titino entered Trieste proclaiming its annexation. The notorious 40 days were marked with arbitrary arrests is disappearances not only of fascist suspicions, but also of Italians who had not harmed a fly and members of the resistance not aligned with the new communist masters. The withdrawn e deported they never came home swallowed up again sinkholes. It is no coincidence that the resolution approved by the city council recalls “that the terrible Yugoslav occupation, precisely because of its violent nature, was also mentioned in the motivation for the award of the gold medal for military valor of the city of Trieste, in the following significant passage:” Subjected to a very harsh foreign occupation, she proudly suffered the martyrdom of the massacres and sinkholes, not renouncing to actively manifest her attachment to the homeland “. After June 12, the allies will arrive in the city, who with General Harold Alexander had convinced Tito to withdraw his troops.

Trieste is the moral “capital” of the Istrian, Rijeka and Dalmatian exiles forced to abandon everything from the violence of the Titian partisans and the imposition of the communist regime. The National League since 1990 and the Union of Istrians subsequently recall the “liberation” of June 12 every year. On the occasion of the 70th anniversary, a monument was erected, but now the memory of the end of the occupation with the red star of a city that then lived on the edge of the free world is official and solemn.

“The story is written by the winners, but I have always felt a lot of bitterness for the forgetting of the violence suffered by the untouchable Titus – he explains to the mayor Dipiazza – In Piazza UnitĂ  d’Italia, in front of the town hall, on May 1st there are still those who celebrate by waving the Yugoslav flags with the red star. So let me wave the Italian flag on June 12 to commemorate the day of the liberation of Trieste from Tito’s troops and from communism “.

Source link


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here