In the transition from the health emergency to the economic one, it is often asked whether the spirit of cohesion that has characterized the social climate in the last two months can be kept alive or is destined to give way to other signs. The Italians’ opinions on how citizens reacted to the pandemic are not univocal and not without some contradictions, starting from the judgment on compliance with the measures adopted by the authorities: about half of the respondents (49%) believe there have been too many violations and the majority of Italians have not understood the importance of respecting the directives, while 39% of the opposite opinion is convinced that most Italians have shown proof of great civic sense and respect for the rules.
The attention that the media devoted to failure to comply with the rules has dilated the scope of irregularities in public perceptions. When, on the other hand, one thinks of close people – relatives, friends, acquaintances – positive evaluations prevail, just think that 52% of the opinion that the people who frequent each other have respected the rules out of a sense of responsibility, in the awareness that their behavior depended on their safety of all, especially of the most fragile and at risk people. However, doubts arise about how the relationships between us and others will change when we return to normal, in fact for 38% the links between people will strengthen and be marked by a new confidence, while 36% fear the risk that after a long period of social distancing, trust in others will fade.
on the spirit of cohesion manifested by citizens and institutions in the most critical phases of the emergency, the opinions are clearly divided: for 44% the pandemic has awakened the civilization of Italians, while 42% convinced that this aspect has been over-emphasized. But what will remain of the cohesion of the Italians in the coming months? They clearly prevail skepticism and lo worried look at the future: in fact only 22% expect the spirit of unity to remain strong, while almost two out of three (63%) are convinced that everything will return as before and the feelings of anger and division will hinder Italy’s exit from crisis triggered by the pandemic. And in the face of a protracted economic crisis, 58% expect feelings will emerge which will lead to greater closure towards others, in a sort of defensive retreat. In both cases (future cohesion and prevailing feelings in the economic crisis) pessimism prevails among all social segments, regardless of personal characteristics and political orientation, but the most negative attitudes are recorded among the people most exposed to the consequences of the crisis, proposing the usual rift between the guaranteed and unsecured classes (young people, self-employed, temporary workers, etc.).
We often hear about the anger that mounts in the country then these difficult weeks and from today’s survey some symptoms seem to emerge, given that 35% declare themselves angrier than before the pandemic, against 12% who vice versa declare themselves less angry. It is clear that in the absence of a major project for the future of the country, there is the risk of dissipating the positive aspects that emerged among most Italians in the darkest weeks. The inclusive method does not represent a waste of time but the guarantee that in the search for a noble compromise between positions that do not always converge, the foundations are laid for a prosperous and lasting situation. Never as in these circumstances does the example have to come from above, otherwise the opinions that are emerging among Italians risk becoming a sad self-fulfilling prophecy.
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