Young people will also have problems in the future. “Respiratory problems and pulmonary fibrosis have also occurred among those who are under the age of less, with percentages ranging from 30 to 75% of cases”, reveals Professor Angelo Corsico, director of pneumology of the San Matteo di Pavia Polyclinic Foundation. “In many survivors, even young people, parts of organ tissue have been replaced by scar tissue that is no longer functional”, underlines the professor, referring above all to young people who think Covid is a walk. Permanent damage is not only to the lungs, because the violent inflammations generated by the virus end up also compromising other organs, such as the kidneys, heart and brain, as well as our circulatory system. “The risks of complications are many – explains Maurizio Viecca, cardiology chief at Sacco in Milan – Here we had people discharged and then returned to the hospital with embolisms, phlebitis and vasculitis”. “Inflammation can also have serious effects on other organs such as the heart, probably due to cardiac stress due to respiratory failure, but also due to the lack of oxygen in the blood, the myocardial infection generated by the virus itself, as well as for direct damage caused by the systemic inflammatory response. Or, due to all three of these factors, “explains Gianpiero D’Offizi, a primary infectious disease specialist at Spallanzani in Rome.
In addition, Covid “can also affect the central nervous system and through immune mechanisms of the same patient make the infection persistent”. In short, at least a part of the Covid veterans with the virus wounds will have to deal for a long time.