According to the Chinese government, Hong Kong protests are instigated by foreign powers and the new laws will serve to protect China from this type of external influence. For democracy activists, however, the new laws are an attempt by the Chinese government to end protests and violate the rights recognized by the Hong Kong Fundamental Law, the kind of constitution in force in the semi-autonomous region, such as freedom. of word.
The detailed content of these laws is not yet known. On Thursday, the spokesman for the National People’s Assembly, the Chinese parliament that meets once a year, and that starts tomorrow, said that the Assembly’s delegates will review the new national security bills in Hong Kong together, but he didn’t say what exactly they expect.
According to some sources of BBCHowever, the new laws will aim to block terrorist activities in Hong Kong and will prohibit acts of “sedition, subversion and secession” in addition to “foreign interference in local affairs”. Similar laws are used in China to silence opposition to the Communist Party.
The National People’s Assembly actually ratifies the decisions already taken by the Communist Party, so it will almost certainly approve the new laws. Due to this legislative process, the Hong Kong government, which maintains a certain degree of autonomy with respect to the central Chinese government, will not be involved in the introduction of the new laws, despite the Hong Kong Fundamental Law foresees that the safety rules are introduced. by the local government. The central Chinese government has always had the power to impose itself on the Hong Kong government on this matter, but so far it has never done so as not to appear too intrusive. In the future, approving similar laws for Hong Kong could become even more difficult if democratic parties hostile to Chinese influence were to perform well in the local elections in September, in the wake of those obtained at the administrative offices last November.
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Since the beginning of protests for democracy last year, pro-Chinese politicians in Hong Kong have often asked the local government to introduce stricter security laws, to counter the violence that occurred during the demonstrations and defend Chinese sovereignty. Precisely because of the strong popular opposition, however, for years the Hong Kong government has been unable to introduce such laws; when he tried it in 2003 there had been other major protests.
On Thursday evening, the Chinese foreign ministry sent a letter to foreign ambassadors present in Beijing inviting them to support the new laws: “The opposition in Hong Kong has long conspired with external forces to carry out acts of secession, subversion, infiltration and destruction against China ».
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