Renewable sources: the 2020 European target has already been reached


To get to a form of 100% sustainable electric mobility battery-powered vehicles need to be powered only by renewable sources. Volkswagen wanted to take stock of the situation in Italy. Europe has already moved with the Directive 2009/28 / CE which includes a series of objectives that member countries must achieve by 2020. In particular, it is present the share of renewable energy used compared to the total final consumption.

The latest updated Italian statistics date back to 2018 and are found in the report “Renewable sources in Italy and Europe” of the GSE where you can read that the sum of the energy produced by hydroelectric, solar, wind, bioenergy and geothermal it covered 17.8% of Italian gross final consumption. This is an important fact since the European target was 17% which has therefore already been achieved.

The result is even more interesting as in 2018 Italy was the only one of the large European countries (Germany, France, Spain and the United Kingdom that focuses on wind power) to achieve and exceed this milestone. To all this is added the fact that Italy, among the five main Member States for overall energy consumption, recorded the highest value in terms of share covered by renewable energy.

More specifically, renewable energy sources they covered 33.9% of electricity production, 19.2% of thermal consumption and 7.7% of transport consumption. Speaking of consumption, toe is used, an energy unit of measure that corresponds to the amount of energy released by the combustion of a ton of crude oil. In 2018, 1,163 Mtoe (1 Mtoe equals 1 million toe) consumed came from renewable energy sources. This is a value equal to 18% of the total. A value that even rises to 32.1% if the data of the electricity sector are observed.

Between 2005 and 2018, the consumption of energy from renewable sources doubled, from 10.7 to 21.6 Mtoe. Overall, the share of energy covered by renewable sources has already exceeded that envisaged by National Action Plan for renewable energies (PAN) for both 2018 and 2020.

looking where the energy produced from renewable sources comes from, the largest contribution comes from hydroelectric (42%) followed by photovoltaic (20%), bioenergy (17%), wind (16%) and geothermal (5%). Solid biomass, on the other hand, offers the greatest contribution in the thermal sector. Biofuels, on the other hand, in transport. At the end of 2018, 835,232 electricity production plants powered by renewable sources were installed in Italy, mostly related to photovoltaics (98.5%).

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