Italy goes at three speeds. With reopening between Regions it will be an even bigger challenge


The President of the Higher Institute of Health, Silvio Brusaferro, intervened before the Budget Committee in the Chamber to take stock of the situation regarding Phase 2 of the coronavirus emergency. Brusaferro spoke of “a three-speed Italy“, although in all Regions there is a decrease in infections:”We have Regions in the South where they spend whole days without cases. But it is also true that where episodes are recorded in which the rules of social distancing are not respected, as we have seen in Molise, new outbreaks are created“. It’s still: “The virus is still present and the behaviors adopted are still the most effective measure to limit the spread of the virus“From an epidemiological point of view, stressed Brusaferro, the fact that many people have not yet come into contact with the virus represent a so-called reservoir that could carry the virus.

We have passed the peak of the infection, we are in the downward part of the curve. However, we must have the ability to identify suspected cases early so that we can isolate them“Brusaferro said, underlining how good monitoring and health response skills are needed to safely go through the second phase of the coronavirus emergency. To monitor the evolution of the epidemic, Brusaferro recalled how State and Regions have agreed a system based on shared indicators. “The set of these tools is a guarantee of monitoring what is happening and a timely response capacity. Our country is doing this“he added. Then he warned:”With the coming week we are facing a challenge will be even more important because the mobility between Regions and also the international one will be liberalized. This will require an even more careful ability to monitor and respond to outbreaks“.

Answering a question from Claudio Borghi, League member and President of the Commission, on the decisions taken by the government on the reopening, on the advice of the technical scientific committee, Brusaferro says: “The committee expresses opinions on the basis of the scientific evidence available at the moment. Let’s not forget that this virus is new and unknown, so our provisions have been adapting“. However, the president of the ISS claimed responsibility for what had been done, recalling that Italy was the pilot country in the pandemic and that the choices made by the Italian government were then taken up by other countries. Brusaferro also explained how in a situation of this type of experts are also called to make predictions: “There were many possible scenarios, but it is also true that the technical scientific committee made recommendations that indicated a plausible picture. We did not draw“.

Brusaferro also spoke about next autumn: “This is the season in which the risks for these infections increase: it is the period in which the flu vaccine is recommended. The days get shorter, the weather changes and people tend to stay in confined spaces. In autumn, the probability of spreading increases, and in this sense we have spoken of a new wave of infections“The ISS president also stressed that our new lifestyle will have to take the epidemic into account:”We must not limit ourselves in everything, but be aware. We must learn to live with it“. Brusaferro also spoke on the issue of tampons, claiming that Italy is the country in the world where more tampons are made, and that this number is increasing. He also touched on the question of the contact tracking app, fundamental for “Technology helps but does not eliminate the fact that there is a professional who drives during the quarantine and retraces the transmission. Technology helps reduce time, but it’s not the magic solution“he concluded.

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