How the United States tries to contain the Chinese advance in the Indo-Pacific


According to Pentagon analysts, the US-China power competition in the Indo-Pacific will have a very significant impact on the security and prosperity of the United States for decades. Giuseppe Gagliano’s analysis

As we have seen in two previous articles relating to the role of America in the context of the Indo-Pacific in terms of containing the projection of Chinese power, the news of extreme strategic importance for which the American command responsible for Indo-Pacific Region (INDOPACOM) stressed that the lack of resources and capacity to effectively complete the Indo-Pacific national security strategy is effectively benefiting the expansionist aims of the Dragon.
Precisely in order to meet these urgent American strategic needs, Mac Thornberry, a prominent member of the House Armed Services Committee, has published a bill asking the defense secretary to establish and develop an Indo deterrence initiative. -pecific specification called IPDI which would help bridge the gap between the capabilities the US military needs in the Indo-Pacific and those currently available.

An IPDI could indeed solve serious deficiencies in existing infrastructure and logistics, while strengthening capacity and interoperability and would demonstrate a tangible American commitment that would help discourage Chinese expansionist choices. Although China’s global logistics are increasing its efficiency, it is still far from American.

Despite this, the growth of the Chinese economy, the New Silk Road and the modernization of military power make China a greater threat to the global hegemony of the United States. In fact, according to Pentagon analysts – in particular according to Gen. Mark Milley, president of the Joint Chiefs of Staff – although the power competition with China is global and takes place in every region, including the Middle East, the competition of US-China power in the Indo-Pacific will have a very significant impact on the security and prosperity of the United States for decades. On the other hand, defense secretary Mark Esper described the Indo-Pacific as the “priority theater” of the United States.

For this reason, the United States works with allies and related partners in the Indo-Pacific – such as Japan, Australia, India and Taiwan – to discourage the projection of Chinese power.


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