– A country with zero incidence. In the report on epidemiological infections in the province of Foggia published in recent days by the complex university hygiene facility of the Policlinico Riuniti, the municipality of Carlantino, together with 10 other Monti dauni (Anzano, Casalnuovo, Casalvecchio, Celle San Vito, Monteleone, Motta Montecorvino , Rocchetta S. Antonio, Roseto Valfortore, San Marco La Catola, Volturara Appula) records a percentage value Rsi (Standardized incidence ratio) equal to zero with respect to the geographical risk of infection. This is a fact that, in addition to confirming the Daunian Mountains as a Covid free area of Puglia so far, represents an added value for the “dam town”, 950 inhabitants, the last outpost of Puglia towards Molise, where 21 years ago, in 1999, a genetic investigation, called the Radici Project, was started by the Federico II University of Naples conducted by the scientific director Paolo Gasperini in collaboration with the Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza hospital in San Giovanni Rotondo represented by the geneticist Leopoldo Zelante. The Carlantine population was identified, like some others from within Italy, a “geographic genetic isolate” within which a strong endogamy was found, that is, the contraction of marriages within its local social group, and the country transformed into a large “medical laboratory” that made it possible to configure important population health data, the epidemiology of multifactorial diseases and the study of the genetic basis of these diseases (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, osteoporosis, heart attack), which then allowed a prevention strategy.
The investigation was started following the search for a local writer and scholar, Girolamo Iosa, assisted by his son Luigi, who within the Radici Project reconstructed the genealogical trees of the residents until 1809 (the year in which the civil registry of the Kingdom of Naples) with the relative causes of the death of the ancestors from 1930 onwards, thus obtaining the ‘risk factor of the family group’, research that involved 563 families for a family tree one kilometer and 200 meters long and summarized in the book “I Cognomi di Carlantino” published in 2002. “The Radici Project, which wanted to combine scientific, cultural and social results on the net – today declares to the Gazzetta Luigi Iosa, lawyer and local historian – for a year was also exhibited on the Palazzo Ghigi site with the approval of the Minister for Italians in the world “.