Belgium, France, Switzerland, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, Holland


In Italy, the Technical-Scientific Committee has delivered to the Ministry a document which gives indications on the best ways to return to school in September in complete safety. It also gives indications on the return to other parts of Europe.


Organizational and physical distancing

The lessons should be organized in classes of maximum 10 students, with a minimum of 4 m2 per student and another 8 m2 per teacher.

Group movements within the school must be limited to the minimum (planning break, lunch, recreation and separate times for entering and leaving school, always respecting the social distance of 1.5 m)

Use of the mask

A fabric mask must be worn by all staff during the day, by pupils in the sixth year of elementary school and by all pupils in secondary school, during the day


There are no community masks for the students, only the staff must wear them in the presence of students and in the case of allocation of less than one meter.


Compulsory school

Physical distancing

For staff, a minimum distance of 2 m is foreseen in interpersonal contacts and, as far as possible, also in contacts between students

Use of the mask

The use of the mask is not foreseen

Post-compulsory school

Physical distancing

Keep a minimum distance of 2 m in interpersonal contacts for staff For students keep a distance of 2 m during all interactions

Based on the characteristics of the classroom, in some cases, only partial teaching is possible


The use of masks is not indicated in this context but from 16 years of age it can be taken into consideration, without any obligation, in certain situations

They must be used in specific training contexts when the minimum distance of 2 m cannot be respected


Organizational and physical distancing

Classes must take place in small groups, with a maximum of 15 students at a time

The reopening provides security measures: in the classes, for example, there must be only small groups of students and stringent hygiene measures are also provided

If necessary, reschedule the lessons and breaks times. A distance of at least 1.5 m must be kept

Keep the groups divided and do not mix

Use of mask

Almost all students, as well as teachers, wear masks


Physical distancing

The teaching hours will be divided into days, in order to limit travel as much as possible.

Pupils will spend 50% of the teaching time in the classroom and the remaining 50% of the distance learning time.

In all schools there will be a 1.5 m distance rule, even for the students themselves. Primary school children must not maintain a distance of 1.5 m; they should keep as far away as possible and 1.5 m away from adults (teachers and other staff).

Use of mask

Face masks are not necessary for primary school


For primary schools, classes should normally be divided in half, with no more than 15 pupils per group and one teacher

For secondary schools and colleges, the classes will be halved, providing for the reorganization of classrooms and laboratories with 2 m spaced positions

In structures where possible the distance of 2 m should be respected

Use of the mask

In schools and in various educational contexts it is not advisable to use a mask or a face cover. Such tools can be useful for short periods indoors


Physical distancing

The minimum interpersonal distance will always be 2 m

Use of the mask

In the event that an interpersonal distance of 2 m cannot be guaranteed, a mask must be used by the staff of the educational centers, as well as by students in all areas of the school. The use of the mask is mandatory for staff involved in school transport

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