Artemis, agreement signed for the third European Service Module


NASA and ESA will work closely together for the creation of the European Service Module for the Orion spacecraft that will bring four astronauts into orbit with the aim of landing on the Moon in 2024
The third Artemis mission, if all goes according to plan, should bring astronauts to the Moon in 2024, during the first moon landing after Apollo 17 and after a break of more than 50 years. When this happens, astronauts will be able to use the help of the European Service Module (ESM). In fact, the European Space Agency (ESA) has signed a contract with Airbus for the construction of the third European Service Module for NASA’s Orion spacecraft that will bring four astronauts into orbit with the aim of landing on the natural satellite of our planet. The European Service Module, as we read on the ESA website, “will provide everything necessary to keep astronauts alive during the journey in the housing module: water, air, propulsion, electricity, a comfortable temperature as well as working from chassis for the spacecraft “.

The role of Europe


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The first European Service Module is about to be transferred to NASA’s Kennedy space center for an unmanned test launch that will take place next year, while the second is in production in the Airbus integration room in Bremen, Germany. “By entering into this agreement, we again demonstrate that Europe is a strong and reliable partner of Artemis. The European Service Module represents a crucial contribution, which allows scientific research, the development of key technologies and international cooperation, inspiring missions that they will expand the presence of man beyond the low Earth orbit, “said David Parker, director of Human and Robotics Exploration of the European Space Agency. The ESM will be composed, experts say, of more than 20,000 parts and components used for each European Service Module, starting from the electrical system and then moving on to the engines, solar panels, fuel tanks and vital support elements for the astronauts, involving a total of 12 kilometers of cables.

The characteristics of ESM

Orion, the spacecraft that will be the protagonist of the mission, is the size of a small house and the European Service Module will occupy the first floor at four meters in diameter and in height. It has four solar panels that extend for 19 meters in width, suitable for generating enough energy to power two homes, explain from ESA. It will carry 8.6 tons of fuel to power the Orion main engine and 32 smaller engines that will keep it en route to the moon and feed it on the return journey to Earth.

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