The role of Europe
NASA, created the first complete geological map of the Moon
The first European Service Module is about to be transferred to NASA’s Kennedy space center for an unmanned test launch that will take place next year, while the second is in production in the Airbus integration room in Bremen, Germany. “By entering into this agreement, we again demonstrate that Europe is a strong and reliable partner of Artemis. The European Service Module represents a crucial contribution, which allows scientific research, the development of key technologies and international cooperation, inspiring missions that they will expand the presence of man beyond the low Earth orbit, “said David Parker, director of Human and Robotics Exploration of the European Space Agency. The ESM will be composed, experts say, of more than 20,000 parts and components used for each European Service Module, starting from the electrical system and then moving on to the engines, solar panels, fuel tanks and vital support elements for the astronauts, involving a total of 12 kilometers of cables.
The characteristics of ESM
Orion, the spacecraft that will be the protagonist of the mission, is the size of a small house and the European Service Module will occupy the first floor at four meters in diameter and in height. It has four solar panels that extend for 19 meters in width, suitable for generating enough energy to power two homes, explain from ESA. It will carry 8.6 tons of fuel to power the Orion main engine and 32 smaller engines that will keep it en route to the moon and feed it on the return journey to Earth.