750 billion aid, 173 for our country, 82 of which are non-refundable


Neither 500 nor a thousand billion. Just halfway. The choice is solomonic, potentially capable of facilitating an agreement between governments. Unprecedented choice, a highly respected financial action: the European Commission will issue bonds up to 750 billion on the market with the guarantee of the EU budget and of the States. On a scale never experienced before. Just as a system that is largely based on direct subsidies to the states most affected by the crisis has never been tested: overall, through various channels, 500 billion are foreseen (as proposed by Macron is Merkel), the rest subsidized loans. L’Italy it is the country that will benefit most, almost 173 billion: 90.9 billion in loans at almost zero rate 81.8 in grants. They follow Spain with 140 billion (77.3 in grants, 63.1 in loans), Poland with 63.8 (37.6 in grants, 26.1 in loans); France with 38.7 billion only grants; Greece with 31.9 (22.5 billion in grants and 9.4 billion in loans). Romania with 31.2 billion (19.6 in grants and 11.5 in loans). There Germany would have 28.6 billion in only grants.
In addition to Germany France, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Luxembourg, Holland, Austria, Finland, Sweden are not expected to borrow.

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Relaunch Decree, 103 implementation measures are still needed

That this system is enough to convince the four “frugal”, or “stingy” whomever you want, is to be seen, however there does not seem to be much margin for the Netherlands, Austria, Denmark and Sweden with Germany on the other side. “It will be a difficult discussion,” the Commissioner says with an eyebrow Paolo Gentiloniwho, however, says he is optimistic because the crisis has changed perceptions, assessments and beliefs compared to just a few weeks ago.

Merkel speaks of “difficult negotiation, the June Council will not be enough”. For the Elysée the von der Leyen proposal is “courageous, daring”. The premier With you he believes that 500 billion in non-repayable loans and 250 loans are an adequate figure “(he thought one thousand needed). Austrian Chancellor Kurz sketches: “It is the basis of the negotiation, we will discuss the figures and the subsidies and loans part, the countries of the East will have to benefit” not only those from the South. If all the financial armament set up by the EU is put together , the overall firepower of the budget reaches 1850 billion: the new recovery fund, in fact, will be framed in the budget, therefore 750 billion to be added to 1100 (this is the new Commission proposal). If you add 750 billion to the 540 in loans from the Mes to the states, from the EU for national integration funds, from the EIB for businesses, you get to 1290. The leverage effect (ability to attract more capital for every EU euro used ) of the European budget and the recovery package, investments of 3100 billion could be generated.

The operation is called: Next Generation Eu. It will require a temporary increase in the EU’s own resources ceiling to 2% of the gross national income of the twenty-seven (currently 1.20%) to allow the Commission to borrow on the triple A market. Capital will be channeled towards EU programs. , reimbursement spread on future EU budgets starting no earlier than 2028 and ending no later than 2058. The funds will come or from new resources (taxes on non-recycled plastic waste, carbon tax at the borders, tax on digital groups, revenue from the exchange of Co2 emissions) or from national contributions or from spending cuts. To act already in 2020, the 2020 budget must be corrected to have 11.5 billion. All operations that require unanimous voting, the go-ahead from the EU parliament and approval in several states.

Three pillars. The first is the recovery mechanism and the ability to deal with shocks. And the Recovery Fund: 560 billion for investments and reforms in the framework of the green and digital transition, of which 310 billion in grants, 250 billion in subsidized loans. The programs will be part of the EU semester of economic and budgetary policy governance. Resources will be channeled on cohesion, fair transition to the green economy, rural development. Second pillar, the support to the solvency of healthy businesses already this year: 31 billion will provide guarantees to the EIB to attract private investments for 300 billion. Then 15.3 billion more for European projects and a new device for strategic investments in green and digital transitions. Third pillar, health security, civil protection, research (over 94 billion).

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