Although the EU remained outside its basic institutions such as Schengen and its common currency, the complaints of the group called “European skeptics” in England did not decrease, but increased.
Especially with the Eastern Bloc countries becoming EU members, the increasing migration and 2008 economic crisis led to the spread of these thoughts in the country.
The anti-EU UK Independence Party (UKIP), led by far-right politician Nigel Farage, managed to move the 100,000 votes base in the 1990s to 920,000 in 2010 and to 3 million 890,000 in 2015. . The party brought many MPs to the European Parliament elections, bringing Brexit to the European agenda.
In this political conjuncture, the word “Brexit”, which came into circulation with the use of the think-tank British Influence (formerly British Influence), Peter Wilding, published in 2012, has become popular in the country, marking 8 years ahead.
In his article, Wilding argued that Britain should play the lead within the EU, and warned that if it fails, things will shift to “Brexit”. The debate, which marked the last 8 years of England, was among those who believed that the country should be in the EU and have a leading role, and those who wanted to get rid of the yoke of the EU bureaucracy and make “independent” England “big again”.
The Brexitist atmosphere that surrounded the country pushed David Cameron, the prime minister of 2013, to promise to bring EU membership to a referendum. Concerned about losing the voter base to UKIP, Cameron managed to become the power alone with little difference in the general election held in 2015 with the effect of this promise.
The politician, who favors EU membership, made a series of diplomatic initiatives at the beginning of 2016, criticizing the EU’s “political integration” goal and making some concessions. At the end of the talks, Cameron announced from the EU that he “disconnected” what he wanted from the national parliament’s sovereignty, the management of the economy and the restriction of migration. Euronews