We in Israel are experts in elections. Still, we have managed to get three such systems in less than a year, so it is impossible to say that we do not understand the whole process. And yet, it seems that in the United States everything is more complicated, everything is more cumbersome and everything is simply more American. These are not only their presidential election, let’s face it, they are very strange, but just about every election process, and especially those related to sports.
Danny Abdia arrives in the NBA, a special project:
So just before we set off tonight with Draft 2020 (starting at 3:00, live report on Ynet), and less than 24 hours before Adam Silver goes to say the name of Danny Abdia (and another 59 names, hoping one of them will be Yam Madar ), Here’s the complete guide and everything you need to know about the festive ceremony that year after year brings the NBA the greatest talent in the world.
You’d be surprised, but the term draft is generally military, and the first known in modern times was made in the late 18th century during the French Revolution. The aim was to recruit French soldiers quickly to prevent the invasion of forces from Europe. In order to carry out expedited recruitment, the government issued a directive according to which all unmarried and healthy men between 18 and 25 are drafted into the army. A similar thing was done in the US Civil War, when men aged 20 to 45 were ordered to enlist, but the burden fell on the poor, when the rich could pay money and hire a replacement in their place.
And in a sharp transition: the draft in sports takes place to recruit young players (usually) to teams in the various ball industries in the US – from football and baseball to of course basketball. One of the main goals is to maintain as much equality as possible in a closed league The worst teams will pick first and as a result will get the best talent from that draft round.
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The first draft in the NBA was held in 1947, and Clifton McNeely (not a name you have to remember) is the first pick ever. Since then every year the festive ceremony has been held in which the Commissioner (the strongest man in the NBA) announces the selections in a pre-determined order of selection by the teams’ balance sheets last season and a lottery called a lottery, which we will immediately expand on.
In the early years the teams selected players until there were no more names, with the drafts between 1960 and 1968 including 21 rounds (!), In which each team selects once. From 1974 the quantity dropped to ten rounds, then to seven, and in 1989 the turning point was made and a significant reduction was decided: only two rounds.
American players who have completed four years of college or who have completed at least four years since graduating from high school are automatically enrolled in the draft, meaning at least 22 years old. International players at least 22 years old are also up for grabs.
But even younger players – like 19-year-old Danny Abdia and Yam Madar – can put themselves up for selection with some important restrictions. They should celebrate 19 in the calendar year in which the draft was held and be at least one year after high school graduation. During the year after high school they can play in college or any team of their choice around the world.
In the past, players could apply for the draft from high school and be selected: Kobe Bryant, LeBron James and Amara Studmeier are great examples of the stars who skipped colleges. However, in 2006 the league decided to limit the age of joining to 19 (and at least a year after high school graduation).
A few weeks before the draft, a draw is held to determine the order of selection of the first 14 teams – clubs that did not advance to the playoffs last season. That is, the least good teams in the league. The more a team finishes with a worse balance, the more likely it is to get a choice in a higher position. The three worst teams in the league have an equal chance (14 percent) of getting the first pick, and then the chance goes down. The lottery is done using a machine that randomly draws balls with the group numbers assigned to each of them, and determines the order of selection.
The order of the other elections in the first round (places 15 to 30) is determined by the balances only – Milwaukee for example finished with the best balance in the league, so the number 30 choice belongs to her (and she finally came to Boston after a deal between the parties) Up to 60).
To date, only one Israeli player has been selected in the first round of the draft. It was Omri Caspi, the 23rd pick in the 2009 draft, who belonged to Sacramento. This means that Caspi at that moment received a guaranteed contract for two years in the best league in the world. And that is exactly the essential and dramatic difference between the first round and the second round.
In contrast, those selected in the second round do not receive a guaranteed contract. They have to prove themselves in the training camps of the team that selected them, and go through prep games to justify their selection and win a contract offer. Their salary should be at least equal to the minimum wage in the league, which this season will stand at $ 898,310. A handsome sum for a minimum wage.
Adam Silver’s name has already come up here, so we’ll come back to him again. Since 2013, the ceremony has been held at Barclays Center in New York, the home of the Brooklyn Nets. But here, too, the corona plague is changing ascending order: this time the draft will be held in a different way and in a different place – at ESPN Studios in Connecticut.
Usually the players most likely to be selected in the first round gather for the ceremony and take the stage one after the other after Silver calls out their name and the name of the team that selected them. When LeBron James was selected in the 2003 draft (then the late David Stern was the commissioner), it went something like this: “With the first draft of the 2003 draft, the Cleveland Cavaliers select … LeBron James.”
This time the ceremony will take place in a virtual format, with ESPN teams deployed across the United States, and even here in Israel, and whenever Silver calls an actor’s name, the satellite image will go to him and the camera will record him wearing his new team hat. In fact, Abdia received a special delivery of 30 hats – one for each team in the league – because no one knows which team to choose.
But even during the night of the draft and during it, at least according to past cases, many surprises may occur, such as trades – an action in which teams switch players or draft picks in order to upgrade their staff – that can shuffle the cards and completely change predictions and analyzes.
Now all that is left is to count the hours and wait for the moment of truth, when Danny Abdia will officially become an NBA player.