Documentation: Mikveh Tahara, 2000 years old – on wheels – News in Israel


A 2,000-year-old mikveh, weighing 57 tons, which was exposed north of the carrier junction, was hoisted by a crane and carried on a heavy equipment carrier, on its way to a new permanent residence in Kibbutz Hanaton.

Archaeological excavations by the Israel Antiquities Authority prior to the construction of a central interchange at the Hamovil junction in the Lower Galilee, initiated by Netivei Israel, recently revealed the remains of an agricultural farm from the Second Temple period, including a magnificent mikveh.

This is the first Jewish agricultural farm discovered in the Galilee. The excavations were conducted with the help of workers from the village of Manda, students of pre-military preparatory schools and volunteers from the surrounding localities, including residents of the nearby Kibbutz Hanaton.

According to the excavation directors, Abed Ibrahim and Dr. Walid Atrash of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “The magnificent mikveh unearthed in the excavation is of an ancient type called ‘Jerusalem’ – with a narrow entrance and a wide staircase, plastered with plaster that characterizes mikvahs from the Beit Shen period. The agricultural farm in which the mikveh is located existed until it was destroyed in an earthquake in 363 AD. It was restored and rebuilt and continued to exist throughout the Byzantine period – until the 6th century AD.

The existence of a tahara facility indicates that the residents of the farm were Jews, who led a religious and traditional way of life, and used to keep tahara as a commandment of the Torah.

The mikvahs of purity have been used in daily life among the Jews since before the destruction of the Temple and especially after it, to this day. During the Roman period, mikvahs were built in Jewish villages and farms near agricultural installations such as cloth houses, makeshift houses and wineries. Before the production of agricultural produce, farmers used to dip in the mikveh in order to produce agricultural produce, such as olive oil and wine, in purity.

According to Ibrahim and Dr. Atrash, “The discovery of the mikveh in Beit Hava changes what we knew about the way of life of Jews during the Second Temple period. Until now, since Jewish farms were not known in the Galilee, it was common to think that Jews in Roman times did not settle on farms outside villages or cities. The exposure of the Jewish agricultural farm away from the village of Sheikhin and the large Jewish city at the time, Tzipori, shows that Jews also lived on agricultural farms, which may have served as the agricultural hinterland of the city of Tzipori. ” She donated her heavy kidneys to the operation. “

Seventeen hundred years have passed since the farm was destroyed in an earthquake, and about fourteen hundred years since the place was completely abandoned, a huge bridge began to be built in the green valley that would carry a bypass road at the leading junction. One of the foot of the bridge was built at the foot of the hill, and a need arose to anchor it. To do this, deep foundation trenches must be dug in the rock at the foot of the hill, where the mikveh was exposed.

Since it was not possible to preserve the mikveh on the site, the idea arose to detach the installation from the rock and copy it to a protected site for display, for the benefit of the public.

The Israel Antiquities Authority, together with members of Kibbutz Hanaton, joined Operation Mikveh. The residents, who even launched a mass funding campaign for the benefit, offered to place the ancient mikveh next to the kibbutz’s active mikveh of purity. In cooperation with the Israel Antiquities Authority, the Ministry of Jerusalem and Heritage, Netivei Israel, the Jezreel Valley Regional Council and the residents, the necessary funding for the relocation of the ancient mikveh was obtained.

In the past week, preparatory work for the extraordinary copying operation was carried out with the help of Herod Engineering and accompanied by the Conservation Authority of the Israel Antiquities Authority. The mikveh was first sawn from all sides, detached from its base and surrounded by a steel cage in order to maintain it and allow it to be hoisted. Today, to the cheers of the kibbutz children and residents, it was hoisted in the air and placed in its new place.

According to Steve Gray, Anat Harel and many Haviva Ner-David, residents of Hanaton and activists in the mikveh copying initiative, “We at the kibbutz are so excited to establish a historical and traditional connection with our roots in the Galilee. To renew the old and sanctify the new. It is a privilege to be part of the process.”

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