Did the M / S Estonia sink after collision with submarine? New documentary sheds a different light on one of the greatest European shipping disasters


The M / S Estonia disaster in the Baltic Sea on September 28, 1994 was the largest sea disaster with a European ship after the Titanic in 1912 and one of the greatest maritime disasters in European waters in peacetime. 852 people were then killed. The wreck is still at the bottom of the sea, most of the bodies have never been recovered.

In 1997, the official conclusions of an international investigation into the disaster (jointly conducted by Sweden, Finland and Estonia) were that the ferry sunk during a storm due to the bow door locks being inoperative. However, in a new Swedish documentary, the makers suggest that an explosion or collision with a submarine may have sunk the ferry.

The documentary makers sent an underwater robot to the seabed last year to film the wreck. The images taken by the robot show a large hole of 4 meters in the hull of the ship on the starboard side (photo below). “It cannot be ruled out that the damage played a major role in the sinking of the ship,” explains Joergen Amdahl, a professor of marine technology at the University of Trondheim, Norway, in the documentary, the first of five episodes of which is released today. broadcast.

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