Italians look to the "strong man" in power – Repubblica.it

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MILAN – Italians can't stand it any more than politics. Or rather, they no longer want to see the politicians: 90% of viewers, for instance, would not want them to 'walk' while zapping. If all the uncertainties on the economic and social front that characterize these times are combined with this tiredness, a solution is emerging in the minds of the fellow citizens: the strong man, above Parliament, who reassures himself.It is scary, thinking of our history, what emerges from the last Censis report on the country's social situation. The dominant mood among 65% of Italians is uncertainty. From the economic crisis, anxiety about the future and distrust of others have led to a year-by-year wear and tear on one side resulting in "individual stratagems" of self-defense and on the other in "growing anti-democratic impulses", increasing the "messianic waiting of the strong man who resolves everything". For almost half of Italians, 48% to be precise, it would take "a strong man in power" who should not worry about Parliament and elections.

Mount hatred against immigrants. Antisemitism problem

It's not all. The multiplied signs of dangerous drift towards hatred, intolerance and racism towards minorities are confirmed in the usual sense: 69.8% of Italians are convinced that in the last year episodes of intolerance and racism have increased towards immigrants. And yet foreigners are increasingly functional to the Italian productive fabric: in the first half of 2019 the foreign-born business owners who work in our country are 452,204 and represent 14.9% of the 3,037,661 business owners active in Italy. Returning to the problem of hatred, significant as for 58% of the interviewees, anti-Semitism has also increased.

Censis Report: the Italians without confidence also give up the Bots. "A people in search of new strategies to survive"

Between the EU and the return to the lira

Even in this climate, the Italians remain convinced to 62% of the cases that we should not leave the European Union, but 25%, one in four, is instead in favor of Italxit. If 61% say no to the return of the lira, 24% are favorable and if 49% say they are opposed to the reactivation of customs at the internal borders of the EU, considered an obstacle to the free movement of goods and people, 32% would instead to put them back.

Disappointed with pensions

Probably to make the Italians of the political system fall in love is also the uncertainty for the social security system, towards which resentment increases. For 45.2% of Italians the retirement age must not follow the trend of life expectancy, while for 43.2% life expectancy and retirement age must walk together. Nearly 2 million pensions in Italy have been paid for thirty years or more (12% of the total), compared to an average duration of 24 years. They are the reflection of periods in which it was easier to retire, but which today generate so significant for retirement provision. 53.6% of pensions paid in Italy is less than 750 euros per month.

Censis, Italians glued to their smartphones: the first and last gesture of the day

It is not surprising then that 73.9% of Italians agree with the need to bring minimum pensions to 780 euros a month with public resources. It then struggles to take off the sustainable system, especially among young people. In 2018 there were almost 8 million subscribers to supplementary pensions, that is 34.3% of the employed, but the share of members fell to 27.5% among millennial workers. 23.3% of Italians say they know well what supplementary pensions are (19.4% among 18-34 year olds).

Health, more and more private

In the health sector, on the other hand, the public system is no longer enough: Italians are forced to turn to the National Health Service but also to private operators and facilities, for a fee. In particular, almost one in three bookings for services that should be guaranteed by the public "hijack" and then private. Overall, in the last year 62% of Italians who have performed at least one performance in the public have also made at least one in paid healthcare: 56.7% of those with low incomes and 68.9% of whom has an income of over 50,000 euros per year. We address outside the National Health Service both for subjective reasons, for the desire to have what we want in the times and in the preferred ways, and for the difficulties of accessing the public due to waiting lists that are too long. The data speak for themselves: out of 100 services included in the essential levels of assistance that the citizens have tried to book in the public, 27.9 have transacted in paid healthcare. While out of 100 specialist visits, 36.7 end up in paid healthcare, as well as 24.8 out of 100 diagnostic tests.

Media and mood: the "angry" people watch the news

The media is then influenced by the mood of the Italians. According to the Censis, the moods change according to the means of communication: The "angry" are mainly informed via the news (66.6% compared to 65% on average), the radio newspapers (22.8% compared to 20% ) and newspapers (16.7% compared to 14.8%). Among the users of "compulsive" social networks (those who continuously monitor what happens on social media, often intervene and solicit discussions) we find peaks above the average of both optimists (22.3%) and pessimists (24.3%). To read the news they choose Facebook (46%) as a second source, not far from the newscasts (55.1%), and they appreciate information websites (29.4%). Facebook (48.6%) reaches the peak of attention among "exhibitionist" users (they often publish posts, photos and videos to express their ideas and show everyone what they do). The "pragmatists" (they use social media to contact friends and acquaintances) call themselves pessimistic (14.6%) and more confused (30.7%). While the "spectators" (they watch posts, photos and videos of the others, but never intervene), are not very pessimistic (17.1%).

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Topics:
Censis
policy
society



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