"They moved us. Three days and three nights on foot to the station. Sometimes we had to walk over the dead because there was no other space. The snow had become more red than white because the Germans were shooting at those who stayed behind. In some countries we found open warehouses and could eat carrots, turnips. Then there were the trees and we filled the pockets with leaves to warm ourselves. TO Dora we were few and e we ate snow".
Alberto Sed, died November 2 at 91 years old. Survivor at the Auschwitz death camp. The mother and sister were killed in the gas chambers. A second sister, Fatina, who survived, was subjected to the experiments of Dr. Joseph Mengele. In the concentration camp, at the age of 15, he will have to perform various tasks such as arranging the children who came to the camp on the carts that would take them to the crematorium.
"Just arrived in Auschwitz camp, they divided us, men and women. I was joining my group, but my mom pulled me by the jacket. "Nedo, Nedo, where are you going? Wait up. Hug me hard, because we will never see each other again. " I held her very tight, I kissed her face. It was as if it had been in the rain, it was covered with tears. She had already understood everything ".
Nedo Fiano, 94 years old. Survivor at the Auschwitz death camp. His entire family, 11 people, was eliminated in the camp. On his return he had only cousins, the only survivors. He married Rina Lattes, his companion in the Jewish school who attended after the racial laws. Since the early seventies he has witnessed the Holocaust throughout Italy. He collected the memories of his family and his experience in A 5405, the courage to live, of 2003. The number is the one tattooed on the body in Auschwitz.
"As soon as we arrived they wanted to divide: there was a reaction on our part, and the Germans made us understand that their decisions were not discussed. I remember that dad tried to defend his daughter as much as possible, but they beat him up. I will never delete that scene from my eyes, I will never forget the look of this parent, embittered and destroyed for not being able to defend his daughter. "
"In those people there were no human gestures. A doctor, a professional, could decide with the gesture of a finger, who went to the gas chambers: and it was 80% of the total. And among these there were many kids, innocent children. How can a person send these little creatures to death: how can this man, in the evening, drink his beer and talk as if nothing had happened? "
Sami Modiano, 89 years old. Survivor at the Auschwitz death camp. His father and sister were killed in the camp. Thanks to the case (the need for laborers in the kitchens of the SS after the arrival of a load of potatoes) and to the courage of his father (who put him in the line of those chosen for the job by removing him from those destined for death), he remained alive . When the Germans began the retreat and brought the survivors on their march from Birkenau to Auschwitz Modiano slumped to the ground without forces: he was relieved by two unknown companions of misfortune who took him to his destination leaving him on a heap of corpses to camouflage him. When he woke up he saw a house in the distance and crawled along. There I also find Piero Terracina, who during his imprisonment became his great friend, and Primo Levi.
"There was no joy at the time of liberation. I remember that day very well. It was late morning, I opened the door of the barrack to go and get some snow somewhere in the lager that wasn't too contaminated by the bodies lying on the ground, to get some some water to be able to drink. There was no other water. I saw a soldier completely covered in white, he was alone and had a machine gun. He turned to me and waved me back. I told my comrades that the soldiers of the Soviet army had entered the camp and we were free. There was no reaction, only silence. Only after a few hours did I see someone crying and others praying. No one could rejoice knowing that many of our relatives would not be seen anymore. I knew I would no longer find my parents, grandfather and uncle who had been chosen for death in the gas chambers in a selection. I was hoping to be able to find my sister, my brothers or some of them, hope turned out to be in vain ".
"I don't want to tell you all the hell, all the details, even if there are so many memories. I arrived in the summer to get water we had to suck it from the mud, hoping it wasn't contaminated by corpses. And I remember the night when they erased the "camp of the gypsies": it was lively, one of the few sources of life in that place, one night we heard screams, the next morning there was nothing left and there were the fireplaces in operation".
Piero Terracina, 91 years old, survivor of Auschwitz. Arrested with the whole family on the recommendation of an informer. Of the 8 members of his family only he will return home. Since the 1980s he has been a witness of the Holocaust in schools, associations, universities, conferences, seminars, military institutions, prisons, media.
"It was a hell, that is a passage into the afterlife after atrocious sufferings. Immediately the men came separated from women and from the children, they immediately ordered them to get in line and on the way, and they did the same with us who paraded before those villains. The mothers were immediately ripped the children from the arms. They threw these weeping creatures on the truck like they were garbage. So, after all the selection, we were 65 girls, all robust. At one point, before waiting for the order to set off again, a German by chance saw that one of the girls was holding a big bundle in his arms. She was told to show what was inside and this, all upset and trembling, he opened a black wool shawl and a beautiful girl appeared about 6 months old. The mother begged the German so much not to hurt her and asked to go where her daughter would go to follow the same fate. But the German with a great grin took the poor creature, tore them up the poor rags off and then, with great speed, he cleared it before the horrified eyes of his mother and of us all. The poor woman, not enduring great pain, immediately fell dead to our feet. This lady was Leghorn like me, her name was Berta Della Riccia. She was arrested along with her family members to be taken to Auschwitz. There is no survivor of the whole family, because everyone was killed in the gas chambers ".
Frida Misul, died in 1992 at 73 years old. Auschwitz survivor. Arrested by the Italian police at Ardenza, transferred to the Fossoli concentration camp, she was brutalized during interrogation to reveal the hiding place of her family and her cousin Umberto who joined the partisans. He does not give up and is deported to Auschwitz. First subjected to forced labor, then hospitalized in the camp, she is saved by her voice as a singer: on Sunday she performs for the SS. After several transfers, she was freed from the Theresienstadt concentration camp. His is one of the very first Jewish deportee memoirs: Among the claws of the Nazi monster, it was published by Belforte in 1946.
"We learned not to cry anymore. We learned not to tell more: "My house was like this, my mother was like that, my sister was like that because the other one had the same pain, the other one was the same hunger. I didn't have a shoulder to cry on and I wasn't a shoulder to cry on. Those who have been shoulders to cry about are become saints. They are saints. We were poor talking girls just food. Eating had become a fixation: today it cannot be understood, today it is difficult, almost impossible tell of hunger to the new generations used to opening the fridge and choosing, used to throwing expired food into the garbage because you didn't like it enough.
We would have eaten everything. And we were just talking about food. And we invented recipes succulents, and we imagined megagalactic cakes placed in the center of the square where the forks were instead. We were terribly hungry and we became skeleton day after day.
At dawn we came wake up with a beating, we had no watch, we had no radio, we never knew what day it was, what time it was. We were framed in the appeal and then taken to work. We left the camp and met on the road to Auschwitz, to go to the factory almost every day Hitler Youth: our peers, the frisky who were at home. They saw us pass and, not content with being executioners and sons of executioners, they spat on us and told us bad words that I would only understand later and that they would have seemed absurd and unjust to me. I hated them then, with all my strength, and it was liberating for me, in my mature age, to become the woman of peace I am, to rework those memories, and have pain of those adolescents of that time and of today's naziskin ”.
Liliana Segre, 89, survived Auschwitz. In the extermination camp he lost several family members, including his father. She grew up with her uncles and maternal parents. She married Alfredo Belli Paci, who also returned from the Nazi concentration camps for refusing to join the Republic of Salò, Hitler's collaborationist puppet state. He decides to start telling after 45 years, when he becomes a grandmother, after a long journey of elaboration and the need to testify. For almost thirty years he has been running schools, associations, bookshops and congresses to tell his story. Appointed senator for life in 2018 by the President of the Republic on the 80th anniversary of the promulgation of the racial laws wanted and elaborated by the Duce of fascism Benito Mussolini. As a result of numerous anti-Semitic threats, the prefecture of Milan has provided personal protection for her.
Twice in a week Salvini – il supercapo, the winner of the winners, the strongest pro tempore, the powerful leader and for this unconscious guide, example – has been compared to Liliana Segre. He denied after almost a day, with much study, that he had visited her: instead of asking, instead of having already done so, he denied it. To those who asked if the threats to him or the senator for life were more serious, he replied that he had just received another bullet: "But I don't cry". Giving the implicable the implicit, as it often does, in a sneaky way, not courageous for an alleged captain, the customary fearful trick: allude to tickle some instinct without taking responsibility. He says that – no one knows when – Segre will meet her: “I listen to listening, she is an extremely intelligent woman. I am young, I want to understand, to learn and to listen ”. He is 46 years old and it is not clear what there is still to understand about what he learned in his life Liliana Segre, about what there is more to say after leaving the Auschwitz death camp.
In his lists of random words repeated like the giostrai (take the tail, yes yes yes) utters words very often dignity, honor, respect, with the usual numbering of the fingers that match those terms to a shopping list. And always in words – and always thrown there, empty – speaks of the need for compliance with the rules, order, discipline, traditions, family, civics – how many times does it repeat itcivics.
But he continues to pretend not to understand that in front of stories like that of Liliana Segre the only thing to do is to keep quiet: it is to withdraw into a religious silence, painful, respectful, deferent.
In this whole story, the behavior of Salvini and those who follow him is not about the policy, it has nothing to do with freedom of expression, it has nothing to do with anything. It is just a matter of rudeness.