Drugs like drugs
The new psychoactive substances, such as fentanyl and the like, are "an emerging and constantly evolving problem. China is one of the main producing countries; from there they are sent to Europe. These drugs attract especially young people, the cost is accessible to all: a dose is bought with 10 euros. Repression cannot be the only solution, the contribution of family and school is needed ", explained the national anti-mafia and anti-terrorism prosecutor Federico Cafiero De Raho during the workshop on" Synthetic drugs and new psychoactive substances ", organized by the anti-drug department of the council presidency and the central anti-drug department of the public security department. Of course, continued Cafiero De Rato, "even organized crime has set its sights on these new substances that are sold on online platforms and can be found both on the web and on the surface deep web".
The online supermarket
Only on the web (and not in the "submerged" network) are at least 4200 psychoactive substances that we can "take home" coming from any search engine. A figure almost 4 or 5 times higher than the number identified by European and international agencies such as the UN resulting from Nps-finder research, the team – led by the professor of clinical pharmacology and therapy and primary psychiatry professor at the University of Hertfordshire Fabrizio Schifano and Alessandro Vento – who since 2017 has been playing around, browsing and digging on the Internet 24 hours a day and detecting substances evaluated by a team of researchers, psychiatrists, pharmacologists and toxicologists in search of duplication. To clarify the impact on health and the effects of addiction, these are drugs "up to 100 times stronger than fentanyl and 10,000 times stronger than morphine", explained Schifano regarding the latest generation of fentanyl derivatives.
Opioid and its derivatives
In the last 8 years "there has been a sharp increase in the mortality rate in those who used illegal substances", explains Ben Levenson, chairman of the Levenson Foundation who in the United States is working to reduce "human suffering through the application of new clinical strategies ". The drug production chain begins "outside of pharmacies, where supplies are contaminated with fentanyl produced illegally from China and imported into those same channels that cartels use to" enter America, through the southern US, heroin , cocaine, ecstasy "and all other drugs. For the illegal intake of this substance not only the usual consumers do not die. Illegal fentanyl, in fact, "is obviously mixed with heroin – continues the expert – but also with xanax, marijuana and various other substances". What does this mean? that to die "are not only the people dependent on this drug but also all those who use substances, once or twice a year". And having no tolerance to the product "it is easier to die".
It is necessary to speak of alarm regarding the illegal production of the opioid and its derivatives, taking into account that it is a drug of "common and daily use in all the hospitals of the modern world considered safe and effective", says Levenson: " When it is assumed and there is no tolerance for opioids, it is there that the mortality rate can become very high ". On the psychotic effects of the drug the news is that "we do not see psychiatric responses particularly different from those that can be generated with codeine, cocaine, heroin or morphine". But "Italy will be more ready, the expert hopes – now you know what to expect, you can learn from our mistakes and prepare yourself better than we do".
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