Bolivia, the opponent Janine Anez calls herself president: clashes between protesters and police, one dead


The young man died in Yapacani, in the department of Santa Cruz, where Morales supporters had occupied the town hall in the afternoon.

Anez's autonomy Anez was appointed to the leadership of the country after failing to reach the quorum of votes in a parliament controlled by two thirds by Morales's party, whose deputies deserted the session. His appointment, achieved with the support of the opposition parliamentarians alone, has in any case allowed the start of an institutional transition process after the resignation of the now former president due to pressure from the army. Now she will have to lead to the rapid formation of a new government and, within three months, to new elections.

The tension in the streets of Bolivia it had declined in the afternoon, but the sectors close to Morales (Mas militants, trade unions, public sector miners, rural teachers and farmers in the Tropic of Cochabamba) remained always on a war footing and determined to fight against a power that they considered unconstitutional. . Police and military have had to intervene in force in the department of Santa Cruz, where supporters of the former head of state had occupied the entire municipality of Yapacani.

Tension in the street The United States has asked family members of employees of diplomatic missions and companies to leave the country. In the late afternoon the tension then rose again in La Paz. The police intervened with tear gas to block a demonstration of Morales supporters on their way to the Plaza Murillo, where thousands gathered, while in the presidential palace the new military leaders were swearing. The new head of the army, Carlos Orellana Centellas, immediately called for calm: "We cannot shed more blood," he said.

The institutional crisis In the morning the boycott of the Movement for Socialism (Mas), which had failed to quorum the House and Senate, had prevented the election of Anez from taking place, as required by the Constitution, after Parliament had approved the letters of resignation of Morales and his deputy, Alvaro Garcia Linera. Anez had therefore appealed to articles 169 and 170 of the Constitution and had proclaimed herself president with the support of a group of opposition parliamentarians, but with the significant endorsement of the plurinacional Constitutional Tribunal (Tcp) which, referring to a 2001 sentence, had determined that the presidential succession "is based on the principle of immediacy" to avoid dangerous power lapses.

Anez's first gesture The Bolivian media immediately pointed out that, in the absence of institutional offices that could do so, the band was put to the new president during the investiture ceremony by the commander in chief of the Armed Forces, Williams Kaliman. As a first gesture, Anez went out to Piazza Murillo to greet the police forces, which were decisive for Morales' renunciation, demanding "obedience and perseverance".

Osa: "Morales's autogolpe" Morales from Mexico also attacked the Organization of American States (Osa), accusing it of "joining the coup d'etat". But from Washington, the OAS general secretary, Luis Almagro, has referred the charge back to the sender, pointing out that it was Morales himself who made "a self-made" in an attempt to "appropriate power" through non-transparent elections. In his first conference in Mexico, the 'cocalero' leader claimed to be willing to return to Bolivia "if the people ask me", but for this "there is a need to start a national dialogue".

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