"Today we can carry out impossible measures during the years of the Apollo program," notes the planetary geologist Sarah Noble, of the Angsa program. The techniques available today to study the samples include methods such as the 3D image, mass spectrometry (scanning with electrically charged atoms or molecules) and ultra-high resolution microtomy (which cuts the samples into ultra-thin sections) that allow us to study the rocks in a very detailed way.
"The analysis of these samples will allow new scientific discoveries on the Moon and will allow a new generation of scientists to refine their techniques to better study the samples that will be collected by the astronauts of the Artemis program," notes Francis McCubbin, of the Johnson Space Center of the NASA in Houston, where the container was opened. The exploration of the Moon by the astronauts in the Artemis program, explains NASA, will be based on the use of the resources of the Moon, including the water ice that can be used to produce fuel or oxygen to breathe. The study of these unopened samples can provide information on the origin of lunar polar ice deposits, as well as on other potential resources for future exploration of the Moon.
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