Debate: the statements of the chiefs under the magnifying glass of La Ver | Elections Canada 2019


Andrew Scheer : "Justin Trudeau has raised taxes for 80% of middle-class families. "

Justin Trudeau : " It's wrong. "

In fact, middle-class families have more money in their pockets since the Liberals came to power.

Andrew Scheer draws on a Fraser Institute study, dated September 2017, which indicates that 81% of middle-class families have been paying more taxes since Justin Trudeau came to power and the cuts to, among other things, several tax credits. So yes, taxes have gone up.

However, this study does not take into account the introduction of the Canada Child Benefit (CAC), an election promise by Justin Trudeau. This is a monthly, non-taxable benefit paid on the basis of household income.

With this measure, a couple with two children with an annual income of $ 110,000 finally gets a net after-tax gain of $ 2,000 in 2019, according to a report from the Department of Finance.

Elizabeth May "Because our encrypted platform was studied by the Institute of Public Finance and Democracy (headed by the former) Parliamentary Budget Officer, Kevin Page, and it gave (our) budget a good rating. "

This is incorrect.

The first version of the greens' financial framework was rated "fail" in the three categories analyzed by the University of Ottawa Institute of Public Finance and Democracy (IFPD): realistic economic and financial assumptions, financial management responsible and transparent.

The second version of the Green Party's financial framework was again awarded the "failure" rating for the responsible budget management by this institute.

The Greens have, however, obtained the pass mark for the transparency of their setting and for the realism of their economic assumptions.

Jagmeet Singh "In the last year, what Mr. Trudeau did: he spent a lot of dollars. Fourteen billion dollars for the richest companies so that they can buy planes, limos in the NATO economy. "

There is $ 14 billion in assistance announced in the fall of 2018 by the federal government for a six-year period. But there are nuances in Jagmeet Singh's words and this measure does not necessarily concern "the richest companies".

The objective of this program is to stimulate business investment, especially for clean energy generation equipment, in order to cope with US competition, following Donald Trump's tax reforms.

Justin Trudeau : "We are still meeting our targets to eliminate subsidies to the oil industry until 2025."

This statement deserves a clarification. Not all oil subsidies Canada has committed to eliminate by 2025, but grants deemed "ineffective" (New window).

And nothing indicates that we are going in that direction.

In 2017, the Auditor General of Canada (New window) concluded that "Departments can not guarantee that they provide the support necessary for Canada to meet this commitment."

For example, the Department of Finance was not even able to say how many tax measures were for fossil fuels and whether they were effective.

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Yves-François Blanchet wants to "enforce section 10 of the Safe Third Country Agreement to close Roxham Road and force people to cross real border crossings."

Indeed, as the leader of the Bloc Québécois said during the election campaign, it is possible to suspend this agreement, as provided for in Article 10 of this agreement signed with the United States.

With this suspension, it would allow migrants from the United States to apply for asylum at any Canada-US border crossing. Currently, because of this agreement, these migrants must only do so in the first country they cross. Some exceptions apply nevertheless.

However, this measure would not close Roxham Road and nothing would prevent "people from crossing the real border crossings" to apply for asylum. However, it would make it less attractive to go through this irregular route of Roxham Road.

Maxime Bernier : "The other parties tell you that they will meet the targets of the Paris agreement, but they will not be able to reach them, since a carbon tax of $ 300 per tonne is required to do so and they do not do not (…) They say they will save the world, save the climate, but Canada's total emissions account for only 2.6% of total emissions. "

It's wrong.

According to the Parliamentary Budget Officer's analysis, the carbon tax in Canada will have to increase to $ 102 per ton of CO2 by 2030 to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement. This price of $ 300 per tonne would be necessary if and only if no other measure had been put in place to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Canada does not produce 2.6% of global GHG emissions, but 1.6% of emissions.

Justin Trudeau "For four years of investment in the middle class, we have seen one million jobs created, we have seen the lowest unemployment rates in the history of the country and we have seen 900,000 people out of poverty. "

This is partly true.

According to Statistics Canada data, the unemployment rate has actually decreased in Canada over the last four years. For the country as a whole, it went from 7% in 2015 to 5.4% in May 2019, the lowest unemployment rate since the data was collected in 1976.

But the unemployment rate was lower in the post-war period (New window), especially in 1947 (2.2%). The calculation method was however different.

In addition, between October 2015 and August 2019, the number of people in employment rose from 18 million to 19.1 million, an increase of 1.1 million people, according to Statistics Canada.

According to the same organization, between 2015 and 2017, the number of people living below the official poverty line in Canada increased from 4.24 million to 3.4 million, a decline of more than 800,000.

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