United States: the "climate crisis" invites itself in the presidential campaign


An awareness, but not yet all the solutions. If it was necessary to prove that climate change has become a political theme in the United States, CNN brought it on Wednesday night: the TV channel devoted seven hours of debate to the "climate crisis", involving a series of questions-answers with a public concerned ten candidates for the democratic nomination for the presidential election of 2020. An enamelled discussion of weather points on Hurricane Dorian which approached the coasts of the south-east of the United States, dramatizing still the subject of the evening.

The challenge was not to debate the reality of climate change: unlike Donald Trump, the candidates for the Democratic nomination have all proclaimed their confidence in "science", and sounded the alarm. "I may be old-fashioned, but I believe in science"notably assured Joe Biden, the former Vice President of Barack Obama still favorite polls. While the left wing Democrat
has imposed in the landscape its "Green new deal"

   , an ambitious program but considered unrealistic by some, candidates differ especially on the horizon of a zero carbon ambition. "In 2028, no new building will have to be built without being carbon neutral, in 2030 it will be cars and in 2035 the production of electricity", defended Elizabeth Warren -Bernie Sanders as Joe Biden evoke, them, a horizon to 2050.

"15% of emissions"

At this stage, the creation of a carbon tax in the United States and the continued exploitation of oil and shale gas appear as the main lines of fracture. Joe Biden was the most cautious, calling rather to find the way of collective and diplomacy, after
withdrawal of the United States from the Paris Agreement

    on the climate. "Even if we did everything right, we are only responsible for 15% of global CO2 emissions"he repeated several times. Elizabeth Warren has argued instead for the introduction of a carbon tax.

While the impact on households 'purchasing power has been little discussed, employment is at the heart of the candidates' concerns, particularly for employees in coal mines or oil wells, who "Do not have to be punished"said Bernie Sanders. All defended 'Opportunity' of the energy transition to create "Millions" jobs. Saving energy or changing lifestyle, however, was hardly question – only Bernie Sanders mentioned it – in a country yet ultra-conditioned (a quarter of air conditioners installed in the world) and which could be
net exporter of oil

    next year or in 2021.

Donald Trump had invited himself to the debate by launching some furious tweets against "fakenewsCNN", assuring that Democrats' programs would drive up energy bills and pump prices. He has also just launched
a new anti-environmental idea against LED bulbs

   , less energy intensive. "We can talk about straws or bulb bulbs, that's exactly what the fossil industry wants us to talk about", warned Elizabeth Warren, pointing several times " Corruption " from Washington.

In the first nuclear country in the world (with a hundred reactors that produce 20% of electricity), the place is no longer at the atom, have also estimated Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren, while Joe Biden s' is said to be open to new technologies. "Adding waste does not make sense", said the first, also pointing to the cost of the new nuclear, while the second said it relies on scientists to improve the performance of the storage of renewable energy.

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