Given the socioeconomic effects that African swine fever (PPP) is causing in the affected countries, Mexico, the United States and Canada will hold a Trinational Forum in October, in which government, industry and organization representatives will participate, in order to exchange information and best practices that allow to form a zoosanitary fence against this disease.
The pig and feed industries for animals estimate that without a prevention and action plan, the arrival of swine fever could cause a loss of 19 billion to 62 billion pesos.
Faced with this risk, authorities and industry worked on the “Agreement establishing animal health measures to prevent the introduction of the virus that causes the African Swine Plague into the territory of the United Mexican States,” which was published in the Official Gazette of the Federation (DOF) on August 15, and in September will perform an emergency megasimulacro.
The purpose of all these measures is to protect the Mexican pig industry, which accounts for about seven percent of livestock production, with 1.44 million tons of meat per year, with a value exceeding 62 billion pesos.
Regarding the Agreement, some of the measures established to minimize the risk of entry of PPA are the adequate disposal of food remains from airplanes, ships and vehicles, as well as those goods transported by people originating in or coming from affected countries.
Lauro González, president of the National Council of Manufacturers of Balanced Foods and Animal Nutrition (CONAFAB), said that given the effect that this epidemic has caused in countries in Europe and Asia, especially in China, all preventive measures must be taken that eliminate the risks for the introduction of the virus to Mexico.
He added that only for this industry the losses due to the reduction of 20 percent of the pig population would be from 6 thousand 870 million pesos to 34 billion if the total loss were reached.
Data from the Country Pig Organization (OPORPA) highlights that the average growth of the national pig industry had been 2.1 percent in volume; nevertheless in the last three years they took it to 6 percent annual. The sector generates 350 thousand direct jobs and 1.5 million indirect jobs. The main producing states are Jalisco, Sonora, Puebla and Yucatán.
For all the actors involved in the sector, all possible measures are a priority to prevent the introduction and spread of the disease, since until now there is no vaccine.
In its latest report on the progress of the PPA, the Food Organization of the Nations (FAO) notes that in the last year five million pigs died or were slaughtered after being infected by the virus. The most affected countries are Cambodia, China, North Korea, Laos, Mongolia and Vietnam.