You have not followed the political crisis in Britain? Here is something to see more clearly


This Saturday, thousands of protesters will march in the streets of Britain to express their disagreement with the suspension of the work of Parliament ordered by Boris Johnson and approved by the Queen.

The British believe that this decision is deeply undemocratic and some intend to bring the blow of the Prime Minister before the British Justice.

From the second week of September, Parliament will suspend its activity, until two weeks before the expected date of Brexit, for a period that had not been observed since the 80s. But how did we get there?

Act 1: Theresa May resigns

On May 24, after months of negotiations and lack of agreement on Brexit, finally postponed to October 31 by the European Union, British Prime Minister Theresa May is forced to resign.

While enjoying a positive and reassuring image on her arrival as the head of the government in July 2016, the day after the referendum that decided the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, Theresa May, 62, is forced to leave his post by the small door.

During her three-year term, one of the shortest in the history of British prime ministers since the Second World War, Theresa May was unable to muster a majority of MPs in favor of the divorce agreement she had concluded in November 2018 with Brussels after 17 months of negotiation.

In the face of the severe setback suffered by his government the day after the European elections, organized in an emergency, Theresa May ends up throwing in the towel. During this election, his Conservative Party suffered a stinging defeat by finishing fifth in the elections with 8.8% of the vote is the biggest defeat in its history in a national election. Conversely, Nigel Farage's Brexit Party won a big win with 31.7% of the vote.

This resignation opens the door to elections to take the head of the majority Conservative Party in the British Parliament and de facto the head of the country.

Act 2: Boris Johnson, new Prime Minister

July 23, after several weeks of campaign for the succession of Theresa May, Boris Johnson, former mayor of London, who wins big winner face to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Jeremy Hunt. With 92,153 votes against 46,656 votes for Hunt. Boris Johnson becomes the Tories leader and gets the keys of 10, Downing Street.

At 55, "BoJo" asserts itself as an ambitious, fervent defender of the exit of the Union. He is thus entrusted by the Queen Elizabeth II, the responsibility to form the government and by extension, the management of this thorny issue of Brexit which continues to remain central more than three years after the referendum.

While many of his opponents see his rally at the exit of the EU, a few months before the referendum of 2016, as a way to satiate his personal ambitions, Boris Johnson is directly demonstrating determination and affirms loudly and clearly his desire to 'go to the end of the process, with or without agreement.

Only days after his election, Boris Johnson calls for a new divorce agreement to be renegotiated with Europe, something the EU negotiator strongly opposes. British Prime Minister calls this agreement concluded by Theresa May d "unacceptableHe, who has not systematically torpedoed the work of the former Prime Minister, can not logically resolve to accept the terms negotiated by his predecessor.

Act 3: Deal or no Deal?

What blocks between the EU and Britain? The abolition of the "backstop", the Irish "safety net", intended to prevent the return of controls at the border between the British province of Northern Ireland and its neighbor the Republic of Ireland after the Brexit. In the absence of a better solution after a transitional period of two years, and to avoid the creation of this border, the entire United Kingdom should remain in the Customs Union.

Yet, Boris Johnson assures him. The Brexit will take place on October 31st, even leaving without agreement if the European Union refuses to reopen the negotiations. If this prospect frightens the economic circles but also some conservatives in his own ranks, the British Prime Minister intends to go all the way and is ready for the possibility of a brutal divorce that could have catastrophic consequences for his country.

No more question of extensions. Faced with this rejection, several scenarios arise. Either the Union decides to yield to BoJo's demands, which seems highly unlikely as European leaders have said they do not want to change this long-negotiated agreement. Moreover, such a decision could greatly harm the image of the Union and encourage Eurosceptic States to embark on the same process.

The other scenario involves an exit without agreement, which theThe British Parliament is still predominantly hostile.

In the context of the negotiations, Angela Merkel, for her part, declared herself convinced of being able to reach an agreement within 30 days, an agreement that would bypass this famous mechanism of "security net".

But resistance in Britain is getting organized. August 18, these are more than 100 deputies of various kinds who sign a common letter addressed to Boris Johnson. They want to change the law and to thwart a Brexit urgently without agreement, scenario that would currently be privileged by Johnson.

►►► Read also : The strategy of Boris Johnson: anti-democratic holdup or kick of poker?

Act 4: The prorogation of Parliament

Ten days later, thunderclap. Wednesday, August 28 marks the beginning of a new political crisis in the United Kingdom with Boris Johnson's decision to suspend the debate for 5 weeks in Westminster.

This decision, approved by the Queen without it being able to really intervene at the risk of seeing her position qualified as unconstitutional, takes effect from the beginning of September to the 14th of October, two weeks before the cut-off date. October.

Extending the holidays of British MPs, Boris Johnson This deprives the House of Commons of the possibility of debating Brexit and especially of an exit without agreement. In such a case, only the members of Parliament remain for one week at the beginning of September and then for another fifteen days at the end of November to consider the next events.

Although Boris Johnson defended himself, claiming that "MEPs will have plenty of time to discuss Brexit and all other subjects ", this decision is described as an authoritarian drift and was vigorously mocked by the opposition as well as by members of the conservative party as undemocratic. Some, like Ruth Davidson, head of the Scottish Conservatives, have also decided to resign to challenge this extension.

PJohn Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons, "it's an affront to the ConstitutionLabor Opposition Labor spokesperson Diane Abott lashed out at the decision with a tweet about "coup against Parliament. Against the voters, and against their political representatives. "

Act 5: What's next?

Since that decision, Boris Johnson has been facing a number of lawsuits aimed at thwarting the government's suspension. Yet this Friday, its opponents suffered a first disappointment as Scotland's highest civilian body rejected the request of nearly 75 pro-European parliamentarians to urgently reverse the decision to suspend the work of Parliament. This rejection will then have to be confirmed at a hearing on the merits on 3 September.

Considering that the prospect of a hard Brexit is still not unanimous either in the opposition or in the conservative party of Boris Johnson, this coup could prove to be fruitless and the unsustainable situation for a Prime Minister who does not of a parliamentary majority by two votes, thanks to the support of his ally, the small unionist party Northern Ireland DUP.

Chloé Goudenhooft, RTBF correspondent in London, recently pointed out that the amount allocated to the budget to anticipate an exit without agreement had been doubled, preparations were being accelerated and the Brexit Minister had just signed documents to prepare the country to go beyond the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice. Justice. An attitude in the head of a prime minister, elected by 66% of the members of the Conservative Party, or 92,000 people, which divides enormously the British political scene.

Jeremy Corbyn, head of Labor, the main opposition party, also wants to hold a vote of no confidence against Boris Johnson to prevent the "no deal", and in the wake organize early parliamentary elections while Nigel Farage, Europhobic MP, also prepared for this possibility in case the Prime Minister would give ground against Europe Polls however indicate that the British are not in favor of the accession to power of Corbyn, which accentuates d the more uncertainty around the Brexit battle.

Such a vote could be held following the vote of a motion of censure against the government but this motion can only be triggered when the activities of Parliament resume. TheThe deputies will then have up to 14 days to form an alternative government.

As of September 3, it is therefore a new race against time that begins for parliamentarians to prevent the country from sinking a little deeper into one of the most serious political and democratic crises in its history.

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