Thirty-five years ago, Brian Mulroney became Prime Minister of Canada

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A decisive victory

Bernard, Brian Mulroney is the fifth Quebecer to become Prime Minister of Canada after Sir John Abbott, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Louis St. Laurent and Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

Daniel Lessard, September 4, 1984

This sentence, Radio-Canada parliamentary correspondent in Ottawa Daniel Lessard told the host Bernard Derome during the broadcast Elections 1984 which analyzes the result of the federal poll on September 4, 1984.

The two journalists, like all Canadians, attended a historic event.

The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada had just ousted the Liberal Party of Canada after an almost uninterrupted 21-year rule.

With more than 211 MPs out of 282, new Prime Minister Brian Mulroney will have the largest majority ever in the Canadian House of Commons.

The reasons for a victory.

How did Brian Mulroney accomplish this feat?

The recipe for Brian Mulroney's success is explained by parliamentary correspondent Daniel Lessard in a review of the conservative campaign aired on August 23, 1984 The summer election campaign.

After 21 years of Liberal rule, Canadians aspired to political change in Ottawa.

Brian Mulroney has made this theme the leitmotif of the Progressive Conservative Party campaign.

From Newfoundland to British Columbia, the Conservative leader insisted that new faces were needed to lead Canada and that the Liberals were discredited.

What the Canadians were particularly tired of, he said, was the favoritism that the Liberal Party government seemed to be playing without shame.

Prior to his departure, Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau made several partisan appointments.

They have reportedly torpedo, according to several observers, the election campaign of his successor at the head of the Liberal Party John Turner.

In addition, Brian Mulroney's promise to bring Quebec back into Canadian constitutional jurisdiction also contributed significantly to the Conservative victory in 1984.

In a speech delivered in Sept-Îles, received by Radio-Canada on August 6, 1984, the Conservative leader made a formal commitment to bring Quebec back to Canada "with enthusiasm and honor. "

A majority in Quebec

This commitment by Brian Mulroney seduced a majority of Quebecers.

In the 1984 election, the Progressive Conservative Party won 50.2% of the vote in Quebec.

This result represents a reversal of the historical situation.

In the previous federal election in 1980, the Conservatives had barely 13% of the votes cast in Quebec.

One last element may have played in Brian Mulroney's overwhelming victory: some form of courage.

His advisers recommended that he try to be elected as a member of Parliament in Brome-Missisquoi County, which had a conservative tradition.

Brian Mulroney chose instead to present himself in Manicouagan on the North Shore, historically not very favorable to the Conservatives.

On September 4, 1984, however, the Conservative leader won the riding where he was born.

September 5, 1984, as recalled by a report of journalist Jean Bédard broadcast on Téléjournal, one of the first acts of the new prime minister was to thank the voters of Manicouagan.

His recognition was particularly keen for the citizens of the city of Schefferville who gave him a majority.

This support may have surprised many.

After all, Brian Mulroney as Executive Vice President of Iron Ore Mining Company, had approved the closure of the city a few years ago.

Brian Mulroney was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada on September 17, 1984. He left office on June 25, 1993.

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