Tension rises sharply Friday on the eve of the G7 Biarritz, with Europeans mobilized against the fires in the Amazon rainforest – Emmanuel Macron accuses his Brazilian counterpart of having "lied" on its commitments – and a trade war between the United States and China is starting again.
In front of "Jair Bolsonaro's inaction on climate change, including fires", France will say "no" to the controversial free trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur, President Macron said on the eve from the G7 summit in Biarritz, held from Saturday to Monday in South West France.
This French warning shot, which would block the treaty, was not the taste of Berlin, where a government spokesman said it was "not the appropriate answer", and Mercosur was quick to announce later in the evening that they have concluded a trade agreement with four non-EU European countries (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland, which form the European Free Trade Association, EFTA).
The magnitude of the fires in the world's largest rainforest is of great concern to the international community, which has ignored the "colonialist" interference of the Brazilian president and has decided to tackle the problem.
This "acute emergency" should be on the agenda of the G7 talks, said German Chancellor Angela Merkel. "This is an international crisis," tweeted British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
Faced with urgency, the G7 will try to bring out "concrete initiatives for the Amazon," assured Paris.
Under pressure, President Bolsonaro authorized the sending of the army to stop the spread of these fires, which sparked a series of demonstrations across Europe.
The fate of the "lung of the planet" is added to the list of topics of friction that will be addressed by the Seven between the opening dinner on Saturday and the final press conference Monday afternoon.
From Iran to trade through Brexit, the dividing lines are indeed multiple, between an unpredictable Donald Trump, already campaigning for his reelection, a Boris Johnson willingly provocative, and the other five leaders.
Smelling the danger after the coup of theater of the previous summit in Canada where the American president refused to sign the conclusions that he had yet accepted, Emmanuel Macron erased in one gulp the exercise of the final declaration, formerly obligatory passage of this group of "informal talks" initiated in 1975 by the French Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, after the first oil crisis.
The Elysee announced in the evening that Emmanuel Macron will address the French Saturday at 13:00 (11:00 GMT) to "explain the issues of the summit."
– GAFA tax –
Forty years later, after the creation of the group, the Seven are mistreated by a multilateralism at half-mast, the emergence of new powers like China and a nationalism unbridled to the heart of Western democracies.
Emmanuel Macron, determined to pose as a mediator in the great global upheaval, does not despair of extracting some concessions to Donald Trump on the Iranian nuclear, explosive number one issue that threatens to ignite the Middle East.
In an attempt to save Iran's moribund nuclear deal, which Boris Johnson is still "strongly backed" by a British diplomatic source, the French president on Friday received Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif. Mr. Macron's proposals "are going in the right direction, but it is clear that there is still some way to go," he said.
Paris is seeking relief from US sanctions on Iranian oil in return for Iran's return to full compliance with the agreement and further talks with Tehran on its ballistic agenda and regional influence.
The US president should hardly be more involved on the taxation of digital giants led by France. A tax regime "highly discriminatory" and "totally counterproductive", against which he intends to militate in Biarritz, according to a US official.
– Commercial war revived –
"Remember that the next summit will be held in the United States in 2020, the year of the US presidential election, so it is in Donald Trump's interest to have a successful summit. ..) and sets the stage for the next, "said Rohinton Medhora, chair of the Center for International Governance Innovation, a Canadian think tank.
The other issue that suddenly became very hot just a few hours from the summit is that of the trade war between the United States and China.
China announced Friday its intention to impose new tariffs on $ 75 billion of imports from the United States, which Washington responded in the evening with an increase in US tariffs on products. Chinese imports to the United States.
An escalation that has coughed global stock markets amid fears for global growth.
For three days, the leaders of the world will be confined to a palace, far from the civil society they want to listen to, and the elegant seaside resort of Biarritz will be transformed into an entrenched camp.
More than 13,000 police and gendarmes are mobilized throughout the region, where a large rally of opponents at the top fears violence on Saturday from Hendaye to Irun (Spain).
Friday night, 17 people were arrested and placed in police custody, and four policemen were slightly injured in Urrugne (Pyrénées-Atlantiques, southwest) during clashes between demonstrators and police.