School inequalities at the heart of a Medef debate


"Inequalities and the education system". Here is a nice theme to success to get out of the summer torpor and start the new season! Theme retained by the meeting of the entrepreneurs of France that organized the MEDEF on August 28 and 29 at the racecourse of Longchamp. In plateau, François-Xavier Bellamy, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Member of the European Parliament (LR), shared his views with the Minister of Higher Education and Research, Frédérique Vidal, the entrepreneur Christophe Catoir (The Adecco group), the former secretary of the CGT, Thierry Lepaonand the education officer at Unesco, Stefania Giannini. A fairly agreed debate where everyone has played his role and stayed in his hallway.

François-Xavier Bellamy exhumed the PISA survey of 2013 to denounce in France "the most unequal educational system in the world" : "In 2018, 22% of young people interviewed during the day defense and citizenship were in a difficult situation to read a simple schedule of cinema schedules.

According to the former LR candidate in the European elections, the reform of the high school run by Jean-Michel Blanquer is in line with the 2015 reform of the college run by Najat Vallaud-Belkacem: "With this reform, there is a growing complexity of the school and so sophisticated discipline titles that even teachers no longer know exactly what they cover! In the end, it will continue to reduce the number of class hours that are taught to all students in the disciplines they need. "


François-Xavier Bellamy is certain of the origin of the French educational evil: "When I was trained as a teacher, it was explained to me that knowledge was a tool for reproducing inequalities : that was the heart of the doctrine that we shared collectively and that inspired reforms of the National Education like that of the reform of the college which I fought ".

For her part, Frédérique Vidal has logically made a defense and an illustration of the educational policy of the government since the duplication of classes of CP until the reform of entry to university (law orientation and success of students) through the reform of apprenticeship (law for freedom to choose one's professional future).

We work to make children aware of the diversity of jobs that exist.

Regarding vocational guidance in secondary education, the minister willingly agreed that the system could do better after a diatribe Christophe Catoir judging the orientation "dramatic" in France: "We are working so that before high school we can have presentations of trades." Not to ask children to choose their job, but to be aware of the diversity of those who exist (…) ".

Asked about teaching economics in school, Frédérique Vidal has again recognized that the National Education "could do much better and stop opposing the economy to idealism".

Finally, Thierry Lepaon, former Secretary General of the CGT, defended his vision: "Initial training as a professional must above all allow men and women to be citizens able to find their bearings in this complex world and change occupation throughout their lives ". He recalled that the school system always produced "6% of people who at the age of 16 could not read, write or count".

"If we let the school fend for itself with the children for whom it is responsible, the" unhooking "of the education system can happen very early at the age of 4 or 5 years," said Thierry Lepaon who believes not to the concept of dropping out of school : "I think that children do not hang up, and at the age of 16 they leave the system.They spent 10 years in National Education without being able to give them the basics".

But the former trade unionist – who says he was only able to read and write at the age of 13 when he was allowed "to write in letter sticks and not in attached letters" – remains optimistic about the capacity of the educational system to equalize the odds: "Today there are more child laborers having the bac than 20 years ago". So despite all its faults, we must continue to live it anyway! What start the new season with a little balm to the heart!

Increased inequalities for refugees and immigrants
"Only 1% of refugees and immigrants access higher education". Stefania Giannini, current Assistant Director General of UNESCO for Education, former Italian Minister of National Education for Research (2014-2016) in the government of Matteo Renzi, defended an educational strategy before the Medef entrepreneurs inclusive for refugees and immigrants. Too few have the basic human right to go to university. "To fight against social inequalities, teachers should not be left alone in the classroom," says Stefania Giannini. "There are classes in European countries with 19 or 20 mother tongues and students can not afford to understand the subject taught because they do not speak the language of the host country". Within UNESCO, the education specialist is in charge of monitoring the implementation of the Education 2030 agenda contained in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG).

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