18 cases are already confirmed by laboratory tests, said the specialist in infectious diseases. The fever is confirmed in all departments of the country except the North. Dengue is a viral infection transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. This infection causes an influenza-like syndrome and may occasionally evolve into life-threatening complications called severe dengue fever.
The signs and symptoms come in different forms. "We talk about dengue when we see a patient who has a fever that lasts between two to seven days, and this fever can be accompanied by two or more symptoms such as headache, retro-orbital pain (pain in the orbits), myalgia (muscle pain), arthralgia (joint pain), "explained Dr. Dely.
If we distinguish four dengue serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4), the analyzes highlight the first two types that are circulating in the country. 60% are serotype 1. And the age range of those infected is between 4 and 50 years. Dr. Patrick Dely points out that no case of severe dengue is recorded. "A person who has been infected with the virus is immune, but only for the serotype he has been in contact with. If it is in contact with another serotype, it can cause dengue haemorrhagic fever, "he explained, reassuring that the DERL strengthens its epidemiological surveillance.
Noting that health care providers do not refer to dengue in case of fever, Dr. Dely notes that the disease is endemic in Haiti. It advises against self-medication. "Aspirin is not recommended," he added, urging people to go to the hospital.
Concerning the preventive measures, he advises to eliminate all the lodgings likely to favor the proliferation of the mosquito Aedes. It encourages people to clean up their environment, including eliminating containers that may contain water (pots, bottle, tires …). The use of the mosquito net is strongly recommended as well.
Edrid St Just source Le Nouvelliste