LDCs for all: "I am struck that we have courses of theology in the National Assembly" – Bioethics – Politics – Society


Height and finesse of view. The great Rabbi Chaim Korsia, the Archbishop of Rennes, Bishop Pierre d'Ornellas, and, to a lesser extent, Pastor François Clavairoly, were able to circumvent the pitfalls and gratuitous provocations of a few deputies anxious to shine needlessly. a hard time and grist for the members of the special committee charged with examining the bioethics bill. Their hearing (1), a little over two hours, which took place on August 29, has transformed, over the minutes, into a vast philosophical and ethical reflection, brewing concepts as fundamental as those of desire, suffering, justice, or otherness. Without arrogance or complacency, they did not simply play the game of the "serene and peaceful" debate wanted by Emmanuel Macron; they literally raised it, even flew over it.

The weakest is always to be favored

From their first speeches, the representatives of the cult shattered the principles in lieu of the walls bearing the legislative text. " The principle that is questioned in this bill is that of the individual desire that collides with the common will (...) It is not because we are in our family that we do what we want. The couple has a responsibility towards the child to come, but also from society Summarized Haim Korsia. To support his point, the Chief Rabbi told a story from the Talmud. " Several passengers are on a boat. One of them makes a hole under his seat. You're crazy, tell him his friends, we'll all run. It's my place, it's my seat, I do what I want, meets the other. What the Talmud tells us is that when you make a personal choice, it involves everything that others live ".

Ball in the lead, Bishop Pierre d'Ornellas has, he, gin three gaps and ten points of vigilance in the text to be examined from 23 September in the hemicycle. " How can this bill not discriminate between children who know their father and those who do not know him, between those who will know the identity of the donor and those who will not know him? He asked. " How to rule out any threat on the principle of gratuitousness? "He added, warning against" omnipotence of the parental project which will be imposed unilaterally on the child And the contradiction of the text lifting the anonymity of the donor and preventing the other from knowing his father ". " When faced with a moral dilemma between the will of an adult and the dignity of a child, we must always favor the weakest He insisted.

Sexual otherness useless, really?

The time of the questions and answers gave rise to pretty passes of arms and deep developments. Questioned by Coralie Dubost, rapporteur of the text, on the existence of other alterities than sexual, the representative of the Catholic Church responded with a questioning: " does it have a meaning or not that we all come from a sexual otherness? Does it really matter to the point of wanting to erase it? I know grandparents who have six children and seventeen grandchildren. The seventeenth, a girl, was born of a GPA abroad performed by one of their sons and another man. This grandmother tells me: my granddaughter, I have never seen that in others, when she is at home, she rushes to me and she has a contact with me that I never had. Why must there be this female contact? Otherness has a meaning and can not be written off ".

This sexual alterity, reacted MP Jean-François Eliaou, must be " balancing With the desire of a child of women in couples and single women who is a natural desire ". " The question of desire is essential, acknowledged Haim Korsia, but this desire is not always structuring. The Bible speaks of the desire of desire That of having always more and wanting what the other possesses. " In our societies of desire and envy, we always want what we do not have. It's a danger ". " A human being who has no desire is a strange beingsaid Bishop d'Ornellas. The question is how do we go from desire that is a pain to an appeased desire? Do we count on the technique or the mediation of time to appease this desire? Several authors have written: the technique does not give space to time and reflection ".

""To take example of what is written about Joseph, Mary and Jesus to solve the problems of family models is to go wrong"


Two or three deputies, like Jean-Louis Touraine or Raphael Gerard (Charente-Maritime), tried to trap their interlocutors by evoking stories of GPA in the Bible or tinkering between Joseph and Christ. " I am struck that we have theology courses in the National Assemblyreplied Mgr d'Ornellas. That under the gold of the Republic, we are sensitive to theology, I am happy. But to take an example of what is written about Joseph, Mary and Jesus to solve the problems of family models is to go wrong and pull the blanket to oneself. We can not use a fundamentalist text to solve our small human problems, it is not there for that ". Close the ban.

At the end of the hearing, and to hear a frank speech on the heart of the bill, the extension of the PMA for couples of women and single women, MP Didier Martin (Côte d'Or) asked the three interlocutors to say openly whether they were opposed to this "evolution" or not. Pastor François Clavairoly said the Protestant Federation was not in firm opposition, but had expressed reluctance, in other words " vigilance on this subject ". " Yes for a PMA that repairs a medical condition Answered the Chief Rabbi, " but should it be allowed to respond to a desire and to have it taken over by society? I doubt ". Lastly, the Archbishop of Rennes recalled that fraternity was the missing one among the principles guiding ethical reflection. " The fraternity is hurt by injustice and discrimination, and I think a bill like this that provokes discrimination deserves to be deepened and reworked ". QED.

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