Depression, burn out, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, psychological trauma … these psychological disorders can constitute an accident at work or an occupational disease. Cases increase, according to the Prescrire Journal.
112 days off on average
Work stoppages average 112 days for psychic disorders recognized as work-related accidents. This corresponds to twice the time recorded for all occupational accidents, all causes combined. This average is 400 days in case of occupational disease.
Women more exposed
In about 6 out of 10 cases, psychic disorders concern women, because they are more present in occupations more exposed to the psychosocial risks: the medico-social sector, the transport of travelers and the retail trade.
According to estimates made by Inserm, between 120,000 and 400,000 people suffer from work-related mental health problems.
But these data have limits. Indeed, "they only cover a fraction of employees, mainly from the private sector," notes Prescrire. In addition, "all psychic disorders related to work are not declared". The reasons ? "An opposition from employers to make the statement, fears of employees for their jobs, a reluctance or insufficient information of doctors," suggests the review.
As a result, it is difficult to know how much of the observed increase in psychic disorders recognized as work-related is due to a real increase in psychosocial risks, or to a greater awareness on the part of workers and doctors.