The German car group will also have to give up greenhouse gas emission credits, said the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US federal agency for environmental protection.
EPA says software installed on about one million Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche and Bentley vehicles sold between 2013 and 2017 modified gear shifts during emissions testing to optimize fuel consumption and emissions. greenhouse gas.
"The EPA has forced Volkswagen to estimate the impact of the software on emissions and fuel consumption through intensive testing and other methods," she adds, adding that based on these investigations, Volkswagen had concluded that the deactivation of the software significantly changed the consumption of approximately 98,000 vehicles.
The federal agency has corrected the official estimates of the performance of the models concerned on its website.
(David Shepardson, Marc Angrand for French service)